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Le rendement des dépenses électorales en France

  • Martial Foucault


    (European University Institute, RSCAS - Istituto Universitario Europeo, LAEP - LAboratoire d'Economie Publique - Université Paris I - Panthéon-Sorbonne)

  • Abel François


    (LAEP - LAboratoire d'Economie Publique - Université Paris I - Panthéon-Sorbonne)

L'objet de cet article est de déterminer l'influence des dépenses de campagne sur les résultats électoraux en France. À partir d'une étude empirique fondée sur les élections législatives de 1997, nous montrons que les résultats électoraux français sont sensibles aux dépenses électorales engagées par les candidats. En effet, une fois pris en compte le biais d'endogénéité de la dépense du candidat sortant à l'aide de la méthode des doubles moindres carrés, nous montrons que les suffrages d'un député sortant sont positivement influencés par sa dépense, et négativement par la dépense des autres candidats. Ce résultat est à mettre en perspective de la nouvelle réglementation des campagnes électorales visant à réduire les barrières financières à l'entrée du marché politique. Enfin, ce résultat confirme les travaux empiriques menés aux États-Unis sur le rendement positif de l'argent dans le processus électoral.

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Paper provided by HAL in its series Université Paris1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Post-Print and Working Papers) with number hal-00126910.

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Date of creation: 2005
Date of revision:
Publication status: Published, Revue Economique, 2005, 56, 1125-1143
Handle: RePEc:hal:cesptp:hal-00126910
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  1. Bornier Jean Magnan de & Norpoth H. & Lewis-Beck M.S. & Lafay J.D., 1991. "Economics and Politics The calculus of support," Journal des Economistes et des Etudes Humaines, De Gruyter, vol. 2(4), pages 3, December.
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  3. K. Palda & Kristian Palda, 1985. "Ceilings on campaign spending: Hypothesis and partial test with Canadian data," Public Choice, Springer, vol. 45(3), pages 313-331, January.
  4. Nannestad, Peter & Paldam, Martin, 1994. " The VP-Function: A Survey of the Literature on Vote and Popularity Functions after 25 Years," Public Choice, Springer, vol. 79(3-4), pages 213-45, June.
  5. William Lott & P. Warner, 1974. "The relative importance of campaign expenditures: An application of production theory," Quality & Quantity: International Journal of Methodology, Springer, vol. 8(1), pages 99-105, March.
  6. Banaian, King & Luksetich, William A, 1991. "Campaign Spending in Congressional Elections," Economic Inquiry, Western Economic Association International, vol. 29(1), pages 92-100, January.
  7. W. Welch, 1981. "Money and votes: A simultaneous equation model," Public Choice, Springer, vol. 36(2), pages 209-234, January.
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