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Reciprocity as an individual difference

Author

Listed:
  • Kurt A. Ackermann

    () (Chair of Decision Theory and Behavioral Game Theory, ETH Zurich)

  • Jürgen Fleiß

    () (Institute of Statistics and Operations Research, Karl-Franzens-University Graz)

  • Ryan O. Murphy

    () (Chair of Decision Theory and Behavioral Game Theory, ETH Zurich)

Abstract

There is accumulating evidence that decision makers are sensitive to the distribution of resources among themselves and others, beyond what is expected from the predictions of narrow self-interest. These social preferences are typically conceptualized as being static and existing independently of information about the other people influenced by a DM’s allocation choices. In this paper we consider the reactivity of a decision makers’s social preferences in response to information about the intentions or past behavior of the person to be affected by the decision maker’s allocation choices (i.e., how do social preferences change in relation to the other’s type). This paper offers a conceptual framework for characterizing the link between distributive preferences and reciprocity, and reports on experiments in which these two constructs are disentangled and the relation between the two is characterized.

Suggested Citation

  • Kurt A. Ackermann & Jürgen Fleiß & Ryan O. Murphy, 2013. "Reciprocity as an individual difference," Working Paper Series, Social and Economic Sciences 2013-05, Faculty of Social and Economic Sciences, Karl-Franzens-University Graz.
  • Handle: RePEc:grz:wpsses:2013-05
    as

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    File URL: http://static.uni-graz.at/fileadmin/sowi/Working_Paper/2013-05_Ackermann_Fleiss_Murphy.pdf
    File Function: First version, 2013
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
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    7. Stanca, Luca & Bruni, Luigino & Corazzini, Luca, 2009. "Testing theories of reciprocity: Do motivations matter?," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 71(2), pages 233-245, August.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Kurt A. Ackermann & Eva Fleiß & Jürgen Fleiß & Ryan O. Murphy & Alfred Posch, 2014. "Save the planet for humans’ sake: The relation between social and environmental value orientations," Working Paper Series, Social and Economic Sciences 2014-02, Faculty of Social and Economic Sciences, Karl-Franzens-University Graz.
    2. Jürgen Fleiß & Stefan Palan, 2013. "Of Coordinators and Dictators: A Public Goods Experiment," Games, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 4(4), pages 1-24, October.
    3. repec:jdm:journl:v:12:y:2017:i:3:p:224-235 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Fadong Chen & Urs Fischbacher, 2016. "Response time and click position: cheap indicators of preferences," Journal of the Economic Science Association, Springer;Economic Science Association, vol. 2(2), pages 109-126, November.
    5. Christine Anderl & Tim Hahn & Karolien Notebaert & Claudia Klotz & Barbara Rutter & Sabine Windmann, 2015. "Cooperative preferences fluctuate across the menstrual cycle," Judgment and Decision Making, Society for Judgment and Decision Making, vol. 10(5), pages 400-406, September.

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