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Reciprocity as an individual difference

Author

Listed:
  • Kurt A. Ackermann

    (Chair of Decision Theory and Behavioral Game Theory, ETH Zurich)

  • Jürgen Fleiß

    (Institute of Statistics and Operations Research, Karl-Franzens-University Graz)

  • Ryan O. Murphy

    (Chair of Decision Theory and Behavioral Game Theory, ETH Zurich)

Abstract

There is accumulating evidence that decision makers are sensitive to the distribution of resources among themselves and others, beyond what is expected from the predictions of narrow self-interest. These social preferences are typically conceptualized as being static and existing independently of information about the other people influenced by a DM’s allocation choices. In this paper we consider the reactivity of a decision makers’s social preferences in response to information about the intentions or past behavior of the person to be affected by the decision maker’s allocation choices (i.e., how do social preferences change in relation to the other’s type). This paper offers a conceptual framework for characterizing the link between distributive preferences and reciprocity, and reports on experiments in which these two constructs are disentangled and the relation between the two is characterized.

Suggested Citation

  • Kurt A. Ackermann & Jürgen Fleiß & Ryan O. Murphy, 2013. "Reciprocity as an individual difference," Working Paper Series, Social and Economic Sciences 2013-05, Faculty of Social and Economic Sciences, Karl-Franzens-University Graz.
  • Handle: RePEc:grz:wpsses:2013-05
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Kurt A. Ackermann & Eva Fleiß & Jürgen Fleiß & Ryan O. Murphy & Alfred Posch, 2014. "Save the planet for humans’ sake: The relation between social and environmental value orientations," Working Paper Series, Social and Economic Sciences 2014-02, Faculty of Social and Economic Sciences, Karl-Franzens-University Graz.
    2. Frederic Moisan & Robert ten Brincke & Ryan O. Murphy & Cleotilde Gonzalez, 2018. "Not all Prisoner’s Dilemma games are equal : Incentives, social preferences, and cooperation," Post-Print hal-03188213, HAL.
    3. Jürgen Fleiß & Stefan Palan, 2013. "Of Coordinators and Dictators: A Public Goods Experiment," Games, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 4(4), pages 1-24, October.
    4. Hong Zhang & Weijing Deng & Jiawei Zhu, 2017. "How do individuals evaluate and respond to pro-equality decision makers? It depends on joint outcome and Social Value Orientation," Judgment and Decision Making, Society for Judgment and Decision Making, vol. 12(3), pages 224-235, May.
    5. Fadong Chen & Urs Fischbacher, 2016. "Response time and click position: cheap indicators of preferences," Journal of the Economic Science Association, Springer;Economic Science Association, vol. 2(2), pages 109-126, November.
    6. Jürgen Fleiß & Kurt A. Ackermann & Eva Fleiß & Ryan O. Murphy & Alfred Posch, 2020. "Social and environmental preferences: measuring how people make tradeoffs among themselves, others, and collective goods," Central European Journal of Operations Research, Springer;Slovak Society for Operations Research;Hungarian Operational Research Society;Czech Society for Operations Research;Österr. Gesellschaft für Operations Research (ÖGOR);Slovenian Society Informatika - Section for Operational Research;Croatian Operational Research Society, vol. 28(3), pages 1049-1067, September.
    7. Kurt A. Ackermann & Ryan O. Murphy, 2019. "Explaining Cooperative Behavior in Public Goods Games: How Preferences and Beliefs Affect Contribution Levels," Games, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 10(1), pages 1-34, March.
    8. Christine Anderl & Tim Hahn & Karolien Notebaert & Claudia Klotz & Barbara Rutter & Sabine Windmann, 2015. "Cooperative preferences fluctuate across the menstrual cycle," Judgment and Decision Making, Society for Judgment and Decision Making, vol. 10(5), pages 400-406, September.

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