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Co-intégration et causalité entre PIB, emploi et consommation d’énergie: évidence empirique sur les pays de l’UEMOA

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  • Boukary OUEDRAOGO
  • Mamoudou HASSANE

Abstract

Cet article utilise, les données de la zone UEMAO de la période 1979-2010 pour examiner les relations de causalité entre le PIB par employé et la Consommation d’énergie d’une part, et celles entre l’Emploi et la consommation d’énergie d’autre part. Les tests de Phillips Perron, permettant de déterminer le niveau d’intégration des variables, ont conduit à la conclusion que les séries sont stationnaires à l’exception du PIB par emploi qui est intégré d’ordre 1. Les tests de la version Hsiao de la méthode de causalité de Granger révèlent l’existence d’une relation à sens unique entre d’une part le PIB par employé et la consommation d’énergie et l’emploi et la consommation d’énergie d’autre part. Ce qui permet une bonne définition de la politique énergétique en zone UEMOA.

Suggested Citation

  • Boukary OUEDRAOGO & Mamoudou HASSANE, 2013. "Co-intégration et causalité entre PIB, emploi et consommation d’énergie: évidence empirique sur les pays de l’UEMOA," Cahiers du GREThA 2013-05, Groupe de Recherche en Economie Théorique et Appliquée.
  • Handle: RePEc:grt:wpegrt:2013-05
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    File URL: http://cahiersdugretha.u-bordeaux4.fr/2013/2013-05.pdf
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Energie; PIB; Emploi; UEMAO;

    JEL classification:

    • C50 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric Modeling - - - General
    • Q41 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Demand and Supply; Prices

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