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Education and Software Piracy in the European Union

Author

Listed:
  • Nicolas Dias Gomes

    () (Faculty of Economics, University of Coimbra, Portugal)

  • Pedro André Cerqueira

    () (Faculty of Economics, University of Coimbra and GEMF, Portugal)

  • Luís Alçada Almeida

    () (Faculty of Economics, University of Coimbra and INESC-Coimbra, Portugal)

Abstract

In this paper we construct a panel data set from 2000 to 2011 for the EU 28, studying the impact of education on the levels of software piracy in a country. When an aggregated analysis is made, e.g. considering all ISCED (International Standard Classification of Education) levels, expenditure on public educational institutions as well as public spending on education have a deterrent effect on piracy, being significant. However, the effect of financial aid to students is positive. When the analysis is made taking into account the ISCED 1997 disaggregation, expenditure on ISCED 5-6 has a negative and significant effect. Taking into account the type of educational institutions, more expenditure on ISCED 1 to 4 will lower piracy. We also found that more financial help to students on higher levels of education, e.g. ISCED 5-6, have a positive and significant effect. Finally, more years of schooling of both primary and secondary education will have a deterrent effect on software piracy.

Suggested Citation

  • Nicolas Dias Gomes & Pedro André Cerqueira & Luís Alçada Almeida, 2015. "Education and Software Piracy in the European Union," GEMF Working Papers 2015-07, GEMF, Faculty of Economics, University of Coimbra.
  • Handle: RePEc:gmf:wpaper:2015-07.
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    File URL: http://www.uc.pt/feuc/gemf/working_papers/pdf/2015/gemf_2015-07
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Choi, In, 2001. "Unit root tests for panel data," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 20(2), pages 249-272, April.
    2. Nicolas Dias Gomes & Pedro André Cerqueira & Luís Alçada Almeida, 2014. "Effects of Taxation on Software Piracy Across the European Union," GEMF Working Papers 2014-03, GEMF, Faculty of Economics, University of Coimbra.
    3. Casey B. Mulligan, 1999. "Galton versus the Human Capital Approach to Inheritance," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 107(S6), pages 184-224, December.
    4. Barro, Robert J. & Lee, Jong Wha, 2013. "A new data set of educational attainment in the world, 1950–2010," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 104(C), pages 184-198.
    5. Nicolas Dias Gomes & Pedro André Cerqueira & Luís Alçada Almeida, 2013. "Determinants of Worldwide Software Piracy Losses," GEMF Working Papers 2013-19, GEMF, Faculty of Economics, University of Coimbra.
    6. Rajeev Goel & Michael Nelson, 2009. "Determinants of software piracy: economics, institutions, and technology," The Journal of Technology Transfer, Springer, vol. 34(6), pages 637-658, December.
    7. Marron, Donald B & Steel, David G, 2000. "Which Countries Protect Intellectual Property? The Case of Software Piracy," Economic Inquiry, Western Economic Association International, vol. 38(2), pages 159-174, April.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    ISCED classification; Software Piracy; Education.;

    JEL classification:

    • C23 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models
    • I21 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Analysis of Education
    • O34 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Intellectual Property and Intellectual Capital

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