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Conflict Prevention through Natural Resource Management? A Comparative Study

Author

Listed:
  • Annegret Mähler

    ()

  • Miriam Shabafrouz

    ()

  • Georg Strüver

    ()

Abstract

Natural resources are often held responsible for intrastate conflicts. As a consequence, both national and international measures to avoid the detrimental impact of resource endowments have increasingly been discussed and implemented in resource-rich countries. These measures include stabilization funds, subregional development programs, revenue-sharing regimes, and transparency initiatives. However, comparative empirical studies of the actual impact of these measures, particularly regarding their contribution to conflict prevention, are scarce. This paper contributes to the filling of this gap: combining a medium-N sample of oildependent countries and three in-depth case studies (Algeria, Nigeria, and Venezuela), we evaluate different instruments of resource management and their effects on conflict risk factors. On the one hand, the findings do not show any systematic connection between the countermeasures and a reduction in resource-related risks; on the other, the paper highlights common causal factors for the lack of implementation of resource-related countermeasures.

Suggested Citation

  • Annegret Mähler & Miriam Shabafrouz & Georg Strüver, 2011. "Conflict Prevention through Natural Resource Management? A Comparative Study," GIGA Working Paper Series 158, GIGA German Institute of Global and Area Studies.
  • Handle: RePEc:gig:wpaper:158
    as

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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Susanto Basu & David N. Weil, 1998. "Appropriate Technology and Growth," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 113(4), pages 1025-1054.
    2. Freeman, Christopher & Soete, Luc, 2009. "Developing science, technology and innovation indicators: What we can learn from the past," Research Policy, Elsevier, pages 583-589.
    3. Xavier Sala-i-Martín & Elsa V. Artadi, 2003. "Economic growth and investment in the Arab world," Economics Working Papers 683, Department of Economics and Business, Universitat Pompeu Fabra.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

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    Keywords

    Oil; violent conflicts; political stability; resource management;

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