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Religious Peace Activism—The Rational Element of Religious Elites’ Decision-making Processes Revisiting the Oil-Violence Link in the Niger Delta

Author

Listed:
  • Alexander De Juan

    () (University of Tübingen)

  • Johannes Vüllers

    () (GIGA German Institute of Global and Area Studies)

Abstract

Religious elites are active for peace in many violent conflicts. Normative explanations often do not suffice to explain their engagement. In this paper we draw on the findings of social-movement research to identify the factors that induce rationally acting religious elites to be active for peace. It is their relationships to the government, other religious elites, and believers that can motivate them to call for peace. However, they will do so only if they anticipate—based on the overall influence of other religious peace (co-)activists, the structure of the religious community, and the frame environment—that they will not be penalized for their engagement. Religious norms are an important motivation behind religious peace activism, but rational decision-making also has to be taken into account if religious engagement for peace is to be explained fully.

Suggested Citation

  • Alexander De Juan & Johannes Vüllers, 2010. "Religious Peace Activism—The Rational Element of Religious Elites’ Decision-making Processes Revisiting the Oil-Violence Link in the Niger Delta," GIGA Working Paper Series 130, GIGA German Institute of Global and Area Studies.
  • Handle: RePEc:gig:wpaper:130
    as

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    File URL: http://repec.giga-hamburg.de/pdf/giga_10_wp130_juan-vuellers.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. repec:cup:apsrev:v:97:y:2003:i:01:p:75-90_00 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Fearon, James D. & Laitin, David D., 2000. "Violence and the Social Construction of Ethnic Identity," International Organization, Cambridge University Press, vol. 54(04), pages 845-877, September.
    3. S. Illeris & G. Akehurst, 2001. "Introduction," The Service Industries Journal, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 21(1), pages 1-4, January.
    4. repec:cup:apsrev:v:101:y:2007:i:03:p:505-525_07 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. HÃ¥vard Hegre & Nicholas Sambanis, 2006. "Sensitivity Analysis of Empirical Results on Civil War Onset," Journal of Conflict Resolution, Peace Science Society (International), vol. 50(4), pages 508-535, August.
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    Keywords

    Religion; conflict; peace; elites; rational choice; framing;

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