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Income Development and Sigma convergence in South–South Agreement Areas

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  • Yvonne Sperlich
  • Stefan Sperlich

Abstract

Some of the new trade and economic geography theory findings are quite critical concerning the so called South-South-agreements. This study contributes to this discussion by means of an empirical analysis of a representative set of South-South integration areas. Sperlich and Sperlich (2011) have proven that these promote growth and betaconvergence. Here we analyse the income developments of its member states and check for income (sigma) convergence in each area. The results show that income dispersion does not generally decrease although we find some indications of sigma convergence. Furthermore, even when we correct for possible business cycle effects in a rather generous way, the sigma path is hardly ever monotone. These findings will be placed in relation to growth models and beta convergence. All results are compared to existing studies on the particular integration areas.

Suggested Citation

  • Yvonne Sperlich & Stefan Sperlich, 2012. "Income Development and Sigma convergence in South–South Agreement Areas," Research Papers by the Institute of Economics and Econometrics, Geneva School of Economics and Management, University of Geneva 12031, Institut d'Economie et Econométrie, Université de Genève.
  • Handle: RePEc:gen:geneem:12031
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Stefan Sperlich & Yvonne Sperlich, 2012. "Growth and Convergence in South–South Integration Areas: Empirical Evidence," Research Papers by the Institute of Economics and Econometrics, Geneva School of Economics and Management, University of Geneva 12032, Institut d'Economie et Econométrie, Université de Genève.
    2. Sala-i-Martin, Xavier X., 1996. "Regional cohesion: Evidence and theories of regional growth and convergence," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 40(6), pages 1325-1352, June.
    3. Quah, Danny T, 1996. "Twin Peaks: Growth and Convergence in Models of Distribution Dynamics," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 106(437), pages 1045-1055, July.
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    7. Anthony J. Venables, 2003. "Winners and losers from regional integration agreements," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 113(490), pages 747-761, October.
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    12. Hakim Hammouda & Stephen Karingi & Angelica Njuguna & Mustapha Jallab, 2009. "Why Doesn’t Regional Integration Improve Income Convergence in Africa?," African Development Review, African Development Bank, vol. 21(2), pages 291-330.
    13. Sergio J. Rey & Mark V. Janikas, 2005. "Regional convergence, inequality, and space," Journal of Economic Geography, Oxford University Press, vol. 5(2), pages 155-176, April.
    14. Quah, Danny T., 1996. "Empirics for economic growth and convergence," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 40(6), pages 1353-1375, June.
    15. J.A. Duro, 2004. "Regional Income Inequalities in Europe: An Updated Measurement and Some Decomposition Results," Working Papers wpdea0411, Department of Applied Economics at Universitat Autonoma of Barcelona.
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    Cited by:

    1. Stefan Sperlich & Yvonne Sperlich, 2012. "Growth and Convergence in South–South Integration Areas: Empirical Evidence," Research Papers by the Institute of Economics and Econometrics, Geneva School of Economics and Management, University of Geneva 12032, Institut d'Economie et Econométrie, Université de Genève.
    2. repec:gam:jsusta:v:9:y:2017:i:4:p:525-:d:94524 is not listed on IDEAS

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    Keywords

    South-South agreements; sigma convergence; regional integration; development economics; income dispersion;

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