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Designing a Global Standardized Methodology for Measuring Social Entrepreneurship

  • Jan Lepoutre


  • Rachida Justo


  • Siri Terjesen


  • Niels Bosma


Although there is a high level of practitioner, policymaker, and scholar interest in social entrepreneurship, most research is based on case studies and success stories of successful social entrepreneurs in a single country. We develop a methodology to measure population-based social entrepreneurship activity (SEA) prevalence rates and test it in 49 countries. Our results provide insights into institutional and individual drivers of SEA. Using the Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (GEM) methodology of Total Entrepreneurial Activity (TEA), we find that countries with higher rates of traditional entrepreneurial activity also tend to have higher rates of social entrepreneurial activity. We develop a broad definition of social entrepreneurship and then explore types based on social mission, revenue model, and innovativeness.

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Paper provided by Global Entrepreneurship Research Association in its series Global Entrepreneurship Monitor Working Paper Series with number 1107.

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Length: 43 pages
Date of creation: Sep 2011
Date of revision: Sep 2011
Publication status: Published online in Small Business Economics
Handle: RePEc:gem:wpaper:1107
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