Working Paper 07-12 - Offshoring and the Skill Structure of Labour Demand in Belgium
A major concern regarding the consequences of offshoring is about the labour market position of low?skilled workers. This paper provides evidence for Belgium that offshoring has had a negative impact on the employment share of low?skilled workers in the manufacturing sector between 1995 and 2007. The main contribution to the fall in the low?skilled employment share came from materials offshoring to Central and Eastern Europe (21%), followed by business services offshoring (8%). In manufacturing industries with a higher ICT capital intensity the impact of offshoring is smaller. For market services industries, no robust conclusions regarding the impact of offshoring on low?skilled employment could be drawn.
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