Strong Orthogonal Decompositions and Nonlinear Impulse Response Functions for Infinite-Variance Processes
In this paper we prove Wold-type decompositions with strongorthogonal prediction innovations exist in smooth, re‡exive Banach spaces of discrete time processes if and only if the projection operator generating the innovations satisfies the property of iterations. Our theory includes as special cases all previous Wold-type decompositions of discrete time processes; completely characterizes when nonlinear heavy-tailed processes obtain a strong-orthogonal moving average representation; and easily promotes a theory of nonlinear impulse response functions for infinite variance processes. We exemplify our theory by developing a nonlinear impulse response func tion for smooth transition threshold processes, we discuss how to test de composition innovations for strong orthogonality and whether the proposed model represents the best predictor, and we apply the methodology to currency exchange rates.
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