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Moral Hazard and Collateral as Screening Device: Empirical and Experimental Evidence

  • C. Monica Capra
  • Matilde Fernandez
  • Irene Ramirez-Comeig

This paper tests the separating role of contracts that involve both interest rates and collateral in credit markets with asymmetric information. To test this prediction data from real credit markets and controlled experiments are used. Using a sample of credits to small and medium-sized firms in Valencia, Spain, we relate two different types of contracts with an objective approximation to each ex ante borrower risk, i. e., the real outcome of each loan and other relevant variables. Moreover, two incentive compatible contracts are designed and decisions analyzed under two different experimental treatments, one with moral hazard. Results confirm that borrowers of lower risk choose contracts with higher collateral and a lower interest rate. However, it is ascertained that moral hazard reduces separation.

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Paper provided by Department of Economics, Emory University (Atlanta) in its series Emory Economics with number 0505.

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Date of creation: Jan 2005
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Handle: RePEc:emo:wp2003:0505
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  1. Leland, Hayne E & Pyle, David H, 1977. "Informational Asymmetries, Financial Structure, and Financial Intermediation," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 32(2), pages 371-87, May.
  2. Boot, Arnoud W A & Thakor, Anjan V & Udell, Gregory F, 1991. "Secured Lending and Default Risk: Equilibrium Analysis, Policy Implications and Empirical Results," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 101(406), pages 458-72, May.
  3. Grinblatt, Mark & Hwang, Chuan Yang, 1989. " Signalling and the Pricing of New Issues," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 44(2), pages 393-420, June.
  4. Machauer, Achim & Weber, Martin, 1998. "Bank behavior based on internal credit ratings of borrowers," CFS Working Paper Series 1998/08, Center for Financial Studies (CFS).
  5. Bester, Helmut, 1985. "Screening vs. Rationing in Credit Markets with Imperfect Information," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 75(4), pages 850-55, September.
  6. Hellmuth Milde & John G. Riley, 1986. "Signalling in Credit Markets," UCLA Economics Working Papers 334, UCLA Department of Economics.
  7. Coco, Giuseppe, 1999. "Collateral, heterogeneity in risk attitude and the credit market equilibrium," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 43(3), pages 559-574, March.
  8. Stiglitz, Joseph E & Weiss, Andrew, 1992. "Asymmetric Information in Credit Markets and Its Implications for Macro-economics," Oxford Economic Papers, Oxford University Press, vol. 44(4), pages 694-724, October.
  9. Machauer, Achim & Weber, Martin, 1998. "Bank behavior based on internal credit ratings of borrowers," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 22(10-11), pages 1355-1383, October.
  10. Chan, Yuk-Shee & Kanatas, George, 1985. "Asymmetric Valuations and the Role of Collateral in Loan Agreements," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 17(1), pages 84-95, February.
  11. Hester, Donald D, 1979. "Customer Relationships and Terms of Loans: Evidence from a Pilot Survey: A Note," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 11(3), pages 349-57, August.
  12. Besanko, David & Thakor, Anjan V, 1987. "Collateral and Rationing: Sorting Equilibria in Monopolistic and Competitive Credit Markets," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 28(3), pages 671-89, October.
  13. Orgler, Yair E, 1970. "A Credit Scoring Model for Commercial Loans," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 2(4), pages 435-45, November.
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