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Why Should Policy Makers Care About Inflation and Output Variability? The Role of Monetary Policy Stabilization under Asymmetric Information

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  • Stefan Krause

Abstract

In this paper we use an equilibrium model to derive the monetary policy maker's optimal response function, taking into account the interaction between individual firms and households and their participation in markets for goods and services. The theoretical formulation is used to set up a social optimization problem, where the main goal of society is to minimize inflation and output fluctuations around their steady-state values. The model presents a theoretical justification for the inflexibility of prices to move upward or downward, as a result of firms' inability to perfectly observe demand and supply shocks. This price stickiness arises solely as a consequence of uncertainty and imperfect competition, and, in the absence of policy intervention, this uncertainty can result in a more volatile economy. The proposed model not only allows us to show how monetary policy can have real effects in the short run as a result of the presence of asymmetric information in the economy, but it also serves a theoretical rationale for an activist role of central banks in macroeconomic stabilization.

Suggested Citation

  • Stefan Krause, 2003. "Why Should Policy Makers Care About Inflation and Output Variability? The Role of Monetary Policy Stabilization under Asymmetric Information," Emory Economics 0313, Department of Economics, Emory University (Atlanta).
  • Handle: RePEc:emo:wp2003:0313
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    1. Lucas, Robert Jr., 1972. "Expectations and the neutrality of money," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 4(2), pages 103-124, April.
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    Cited by:

    1. Stefan Krause, 2006. "Optimal monetary policy and the equivalency between the one-period AD-AS model and the forward-looking New Keynesian model," Applied Economics Letters, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 13(9), pages 541-544.
    2. Stefan Krause & Fabio Méndez, 2005. "Policy Makers' Preferences, Party Ideology, and the Political Business Cycle," Southern Economic Journal, Southern Economic Association, vol. 71(4), pages 752-767, April.
    3. Stefan Krause, 2007. "Measuring Monetary Policy Efficiency in European Union Countries: The Pre-EMU Years," The IUP Journal of Monetary Economics, IUP Publications, vol. 0(1), pages 60-83, February.

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