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Measuring Monetary Policy Efficiency in European Union Countries: The Pre-EMU Years

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  • Stefan Krause

Abstract

This paper proposes a method for measuring the contribution of improved monetary policy to the changes in macroeconomic performance identified with inflation and output stability. Our technique involves estimating actual and optimal policy rules as a function of the aggregate supply and demand shocks, with the purpose of examining how much of the change in performance can be accounted for by changes in the volatility of the aggregate shocks and how much can be ascribed to improvements in policy efficiency. We study the change from the 1980s to the 1990s in macroeconomic performance for 14 European Union countries. Our findings suggest that improved monetary policy has played an important stabilization role in almost all European Union countries, while a diminished exposure to aggregate shocks has largely contributed towards improved performance in at least seven countries.

Suggested Citation

  • Stefan Krause, 2003. "Measuring Monetary Policy Efficiency in European Union Countries: The Pre-EMU Years," Emory Economics 0311, Department of Economics, Emory University (Atlanta).
  • Handle: RePEc:emo:wp2003:0311
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    Cited by:

    1. Stephen G. Cecchetti & Alfonso Flores-Lagunes & Stefan Krause, 2006. "Has Monetary Policy become more Efficient? a Cross-Country Analysis," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 116(511), pages 408-433, April.
    2. Florence Huart & Bas Van Aarle & Harry Garretsen, 2006. "Chocs et règles de politique économique en UEM," Economie & Prévision, La Documentation Française, pages 43-63.
    3. Stephen G. Cecchetti & Stefan Krause, 2002. "Central bank structure, policy efficiency, and macroeconomic performance: exploring empirical relationships," Review, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, issue Jul, pages 47-60.
    4. Gerberding, Christina & Worms, Andreas & Seitz, Franz, 2004. "How the Bundesbank really conducted monetary policy: An analysis based on real-time data," Discussion Paper Series 1: Economic Studies 2004,25, Deutsche Bundesbank.
    5. Kushal Banik Chowdhury & Nityananda Sarkar, 2015. "The Effect of Inflation on Inflation Uncertainty in the G7 Countries: A Double Threshold GARCH Model," International Econometric Review (IER), Econometric Research Association, vol. 7(1), pages 34-50, April.

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