Majorities with a quorum
Based on a general model of "quaternary" voting rule, sensitive to voters' choices between four different options (abstaining, voting "yes", voting "no" and staying home), we systematically study different types of majority and quorum. The model allows for a precise formulation of majority rules and quorum constraints. For such rules four types of majority can be defined. We also consider four types of quorum. Then we study the possible combinations of a majority system with a type of quorum and provide examples from rules actually used in parliaments.
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- Paulo P. Côrte-Real & Paulo T. Pereira, 2004.
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- Annick Laruelle & Federico Valenciano, 2012.
"Quaternary dichotomous voting rules,"
Social Choice and Welfare,
Springer;The Society for Social Choice and Welfare, vol. 38(3), pages 431-454, March.
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- Vermeule, Adrian, 2007. "Absolute Majority Rules," British Journal of Political Science, Cambridge University Press, vol. 37(04), pages 643-658, October.
- Keith L. Dougherty & Julian Edward, 2010. "The Properties of Simple Vs. Absolute Majority Rule: Cases Where Absences and Abstentions Are Important," Journal of Theoretical Politics, SAGE Publishing, vol. 22(1), pages 85-122, January.
- MoshÊ Machover & Dan S. Felsenthal, 1997. "Ternary Voting Games," International Journal of Game Theory, Springer;Game Theory Society, vol. 26(3), pages 335-351.
- Laruelle,Annick & Valenciano,Federico, 2008.
"Voting and Collective Decision-Making,"
Cambridge University Press, number 9780521873871, Junio.
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