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Monetary policy in a world with different financial systems

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  • Faia, Ester

Abstract

Major currency areas are characterized by important differences in financial structure that are clear in microeconomic data. Surprisingly, this fact is seldom discussed in the analysis of the international transmission of shocks. This paper attempts to fill the gap. First, I show some stylized facts about financial differences and cyclical correlations among the main OECD countries. Second, using a two-country model with monopolistic competition and sticky prices, calibrated to US and euro area data, I analyze the international transmission of shocks with different degrees of financial fragility in the two economies. I find, first, that financial diversity can account for heterogenous business cycle fluctuations. Differential responses to shocks are shown to occur with independent monetary policies - Taylor rules or rigid inflation targets - even with low degrees of economic and financial openness. Credible pegs help to increase the synchronization of cycles. Secondly, differences in persistence of the interest rates help to explain high persistence in the real exchange rate. Finally, weak financial systems can result in large welfare losses under symmetric and correlated shocks. JEL Classification: E3, E42, E44, E52, F41

Suggested Citation

  • Faia, Ester, 2002. "Monetary policy in a world with different financial systems," Working Paper Series 0183, European Central Bank.
  • Handle: RePEc:ecb:ecbwps:20020183
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. de Blas, Beatriz, 2008. "International Transmission of Shocks under Financial Frictions: Some Implications for International Business Cycle Comovement," Working Papers in Economic Theory 2008/01, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid (Spain), Department of Economic Analysis (Economic Theory and Economic History).
    2. Fiorella De Fiore & Harald Uhlig, 2005. "Bank finance versus bond finance: what explains the differences between US and Europe?," SFB 649 Discussion Papers SFB649DP2005-042, Sonderforschungsbereich 649, Humboldt University, Berlin, Germany.
    3. Ester Faia, 2007. "Financial Differences and Business Cycle Co-Movements in a Currency Area," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 39(1), pages 151-185, February.
    4. Buch, Claudia M. & Pierdzioch, Christian, 2005. "The integration of imperfect financial markets: Implications for business cycle volatility," Journal of Policy Modeling, Elsevier, vol. 27(7), pages 789-804, October.
    5. Ferro, Gustavo, 2007. "Metas de inflación ¿qué hay de nuevo bajo el sol?
      [Inflation Targeting. What's new under the sun?]
      ," MPRA Paper 15069, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 11 Mar 2008.
    6. Badarau, Cristina & Levieuge, Grégory, 2011. "Assessing the effects of financial heterogeneity in a monetary union a DSGE approach," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 28(6), pages 2451-2461.
    7. Queijo, Virginia, 2005. "How Important are Financial Frictions in the U.S. and Euro Area?," Seminar Papers 738, Stockholm University, Institute for International Economic Studies.
    8. Simon Gilchrist, 2004. "Financial Markets and Financial Leverage in a Two-Country World Economy," Central Banking, Analysis, and Economic Policies Book Series,in: Luis Antonio Ahumada & J. Rodrigo Fuentes & Norman Loayza (Series Editor) & Klaus Schmidt-Hebbel (Se (ed.), Banking Market Structure and Monetary Policy, edition 1, volume 7, chapter 2, pages 027-058 Central Bank of Chile.
    9. Christina Badarau & Grégory Levieuge, 2011. "Which policy-mix to mitigate the effects of financial heterogeneity in a monetary union?," Larefi Working Papers 1109, Larefi, Université Bordeaux 4.
    10. Bojan Markovic, 2006. "Bank capital channels in the monetary transmission mechanism," Bank of England working papers 313, Bank of England.
    11. Iacoviello, Matteo & Minetti, Raoul, 2006. "International business cycles with domestic and foreign lenders," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 53(8), pages 2267-2282, November.
    12. Virginia Queijo, 2005. "Bayesian Estimation of a DSGE Model with Financial Frictions for the U.S. and the Euro Area," Computing in Economics and Finance 2005 306, Society for Computational Economics.
    13. David D. VanHoose, 2004. "The New Open Economy Macroeconomics: A Critical Appraisal," Open Economies Review, Springer, vol. 15(2), pages 193-215, April.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    differential transmission mechanism; Financial diversity; financial stability; monetary regimes; welfare losses;

    JEL classification:

    • E3 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles
    • E42 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Monetary Sytsems; Standards; Regimes; Government and the Monetary System
    • E44 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy
    • E52 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Monetary Policy
    • F41 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - Open Economy Macroeconomics

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