IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/p/ecb/ecbops/20070070.html
   My bibliography  Save this paper

The search for Columbus’ egg - finding a new formula to determine quotas at the IMF

Author

Listed:
  • Martin Skala
  • Christian Thimann
  • Regine Wölfinger

Abstract

The International Monetary Fund (IMF) is undergoing profound changes, not only in its policies, but also in its internal governance. These changes reflect the structural developments in the global economy, and in particular the growing role of emerging economies that demand a greater say at the Fund. In addition, the Fund has recognised that it needs to strengthen the voice of developing economies in order to increase ownership of IMF programmes and policy recommendations from this very large country group. At the heart of IMF governance lies the distribution of its quota: quotas are the percent share at the IMF that are attributed to the various members. Quotas play a central role in the Fund, because they determine not only member countries’ financial contributions, but also their rights to draw on IMF financial support and their voting rights within the institution. Therefore, quotas are essentially a matter of representation, visibility, and influence of countries at the IMF. Quotas are being calculated as a function of various economic variables and also include a certain degree of judgement. This paper provides a systematic analysis of the way IMF quota have been calculated in the past and of the current challenges of reform. It shows the importance for individual variables for specific country groups and the sensitivity of changes in the formula of overall distribution. The paper provides an extensive and comprehensive overview of various technical issues involved in choosing an appropriate quota formula. It analyses the current quota system and its functioning, and shows which countries and groups are most under and over-represented. It also puts forward an analysis of the various avenues of quota-reform that are currently under discussion.

Suggested Citation

  • Martin Skala & Christian Thimann & Regine Wölfinger, 2007. "The search for Columbus’ egg - finding a new formula to determine quotas at the IMF," Occasional Paper Series 70, European Central Bank.
  • Handle: RePEc:ecb:ecbops:20070070
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: http://www.ecb.europa.eu/pub/pdf/scpops/ecbocp70.pdf
    Download Restriction: no

    Citations

    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.
    as


    Cited by:

    1. di Mauro, Filippo & Kaufmann, Robert K. & Karadeloglou, Pavlos, 2008. "Will oil prices decline over the long run?," Occasional Paper Series 98, European Central Bank.
    2. Mehl, Arnaud & Bussière, Matthieu, 2008. "China's and India's roles in global trade and finance: twin titans for the new millennium?," Occasional Paper Series 80, European Central Bank.
    3. Irina Bunda, 2007. "The Changing Role of the Exchange Rate in a Globalised Economy," Post-Print halshs-00372820, HAL.
    4. Thimann, Christian & Reynaud, Julien & Gatarek, Lukasz, 2007. "Proximity and linkages among coalition participants: a new voting power measure applied to the International Monetary Fund," Working Paper Series 819, European Central Bank.
    5. Gómez-Salvador, Ramón & Leiner-Killinger, Nadine, 2008. "An analysis of youth unemployment in the euro area," Occasional Paper Series 89, European Central Bank.
    6. Sturm, Michael & Adolf, Petra & Peschel, Dominik & Stráský, Jan, 2008. "The Gulf Cooperation Council countries: economic structures, recent developments and role in the global economy," Occasional Paper Series 92, European Central Bank.
    7. Van Nieuwenhuyze, Christophe & Benk, Szilard & Rünstler, Gerhard & Cristadoro, Riccardo & Den Reijer, Ard & Jakaitiene, Audrone & Jelonek, Piotr & Rua, António & Ruth, Karsten & Barhoumi, Karim, 2008. "Short-term forecasting of GDP using large monthly datasets: a pseudo real-time forecast evaluation exercise," Occasional Paper Series 84, European Central Bank.
    8. Mayerlen, Frank & Sola, Pierre & Be Duc, Louis, 2008. "The monetary presentation of the euro area balance of payments," Occasional Paper Series 96, European Central Bank.
    9. Winkler, Adalbert & Polański, Zbigniew, 2008. "Russia, EU enlargement and the euro," Occasional Paper Series 93, European Central Bank.
    10. Poloni, Paolo & Agresti, Anna Maria & Baudino, Patrizia, 2008. "The ECB and IMF indicators for the macro-prudential analysis of the banking sector: a comparison of the two approaches," Occasional Paper Series 99, European Central Bank.
    11. Blattner, Tobias Sebastian & Catenaro, Marco & Ehrmann, Michael & Strauch, Rolf & Turunen, Jarkko, 2008. "The predictability of monetary policy," Occasional Paper Series 83, European Central Bank.
    12. Moutot, Philippe & Jung, Alexander & Mongelli, Francesco Paolo, 2008. "The working of the eurosystem: monetary policy preparations and decision-making - selected issues," Occasional Paper Series 79, European Central Bank.
    13. Strauch, Rolf & Gómez-Salvador, Ramón & Ward-Warmedinger, Melanie & Turunen, Jarkko & Leiner-Killinger, Nadine & Masuch, Klaus, 2008. "Labour supply and employment in the euro area countries: developments and challenges," Occasional Paper Series 87, European Central Bank.
    14. Filippo Di Mauro & Katrin Forster, "undated". "Globalisation and the competitiveness of the Euro area," Working Papers 5, Department of the Treasury, Ministry of the Economy and of Finance.
    15. Andrea Colabella & Enrica Di Stefano & Claudia Maurini, 2009. "The reform of IMF quotas: the way towards the 2008 resolution," Questioni di Economia e Finanza (Occasional Papers) 54, Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area.
    16. Cappiello, Lorenzo & Ferrucci, Gianluigi, 2008. "The sustainability of China's exchange rate policy and capital account liberalisation," Occasional Paper Series 82, European Central Bank.
    17. Chiţu, Livia, 2016. "Reserve accumulation, inflation and moral hazard: Evidence from a natural experiment," Working Paper Series 1880, European Central Bank.
    18. Bracke, Thierry & Bussière, Matthieu & Fidora, Michael & Straub, Roland, 2008. "A framework for assessing global imbalances," Occasional Paper Series 78, European Central Bank.
    19. Ben Hassine, Hela, 2015. "Financial Crises Management By The IMF : Was External And Public Debt Sustainable ?," MPRA Paper 75466, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    20. Fidora, Michael & Beck, Roland, 2008. "The impact of sovereign wealth funds on global financial markets," Occasional Paper Series 91, European Central Bank.
    21. De Santis, Roberto A. & Cappiello, Lorenzo & Baltzer, Markus & Manganelli, Simone, 2008. "Measuring financial integration in new EU Member States," Occasional Paper Series 81, European Central Bank.
    22. Morgese Borys, Magdalena & Polgár, Éva Katalin & Zlate, Andrei, 2008. "Real convergence and the determinants of growth in EU candidate and potential candidate countries: a panel data approach," Occasional Paper Series 86, European Central Bank.
    23. Winkler, Adalbert & Schokker, Hubert & Cocozza, Emidio & Herzberg, Valerie & Móré, Csaba & de Lannoy, Anthony & Gardó, Sándor & Chmielewski, Tomasz & Polgár, Éva Katalin & Habib, Maurizio Michael & Br, 2008. "Financial stability challenges in candidate countries managing the transition to deeper and more market-oriented financial systems," Occasional Paper Series 95, European Central Bank.

    More about this item

    NEP fields

    This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:ecb:ecbops:20070070. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Official Publications). General contact details of provider: http://edirc.repec.org/data/emieude.html .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.