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Corporate finance in the euro area – including background material


  • Francesco Drudi
  • Annalisa Ferrando
  • Petra Köhler-Ulbrich
  • David Marqués Ibañez
  • Philippine Cour-Thimann
  • Vanessa Baugnet
  • Elmar Stoess
  • Thomas Vlassopoulos
  • Carmen Martínez-Carrascal
  • Katia Tombois
  • Peter Mc.Goldrick
  • Carmelo Salleo
  • Romain Perrard
  • Maarten Hendrikx
  • Walter Waschiczek
  • Paula Antão
  • Anssi Rantala


This report analyses the financial position of non-financial enterprises in the euro area, in particular the amount of external financing, the choice between debt and equity and the composition and maturity structure of debt. It aims at identifying the main features of the euro area, as well as the peculiarities that depend on the country of origin and the sector of activity. Attention is also devoted to assessing whether a country’s institutional eatures are correlated with different financial structures by firms. In light of the particular interest in the access of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) to financing, the report also analyses how financing patterns differ across large, medium-sized and small enterprises. Finally, the report discusses the recent trends observed in the corporate finance landscape of the euro area over the past few years. Although it is still too early to pass final judgement, vast structural changes are underway that could have already influenced in a positive way in the availability of external funds for firms. All in all, a comprehensive understanding of corporate finance in the euro area is important from a monetary policy perspective, given its impact on the transmission mechanism and for productivity and economic growth. Moreover, such an understanding is also relevant from a financial stability perspective. A first assessment is now possible eight years into the third stage of Economic and Monetary Union (EMU), given that sufficient data have been accumulated during this period. This assessment is particularly important as the introduction of the single currency has had significant structural effects on the working of financial markets, increasing their size and liquidity, and fostering cross-border competition. The data available for this report generally cover the period 1995-2005, and the cut-off date for the statistics included is 10 March 2007.

Suggested Citation

  • Francesco Drudi & Annalisa Ferrando & Petra Köhler-Ulbrich & David Marqués Ibañez & Philippine Cour-Thimann & Vanessa Baugnet & Elmar Stoess & Thomas Vlassopoulos & Carmen Martínez-Carrascal & Katia T, 2007. "Corporate finance in the euro area – including background material," Occasional Paper Series 63, European Central Bank.
  • Handle: RePEc:ecb:ecbops:20070063

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Crouhy, Michel & Galai, Dan & Mark, Robert, 2001. "Prototype risk rating system," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 25(1), pages 47-95, January.
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    5. Cantor, Richard, 2001. "Moody's investors service response to the consultative paper issued by the Basel Committee on Bank Supervision "A new capital adequacy framework"," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 25(1), pages 171-185, January.
    6. Richard Cantor & Frank Packer & Kevin Cole, 1997. "Split ratings and the pricing of credit risk," Research Paper 9711, Federal Reserve Bank of New York.
    7. Dirk Tasche, 2003. "A traffic lights approach to PD validation," Papers cond-mat/0305038,
    8. Lando, David & Skodeberg, Torben M., 2002. "Analyzing rating transitions and rating drift with continuous observations," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 26(2-3), pages 423-444, March.
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    Cited by:

    1. Arce, Óscar & Manuel Campa, José & Gavilán, Ángel, 2013. "Macroeconomic adjustment under loose financing conditions in the construction sector," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 59(C), pages 19-34.
    2. Mundaca, Gabriela, 2008. "“Corporate investment, cash flow level and market imperfections”," MPRA Paper 20502, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 16 Aug 2009.
    3. Ferrando, Annalisa & Martinez-Carrascal, Carmen, 2008. "The impact of financial position on investment: an anlysis for non-financial corporations in the euro area," Working Paper Series 943, European Central Bank.

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