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Corporate Governance, Relationship Lending and Monetary Policy: Firm-Level Evidence for the Euro Area

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  • L. de Haan
  • E. Sterken

Abstract

We show by means of a bank relationship model that after monetary policy tightening, public firms (having easier access to public capital markets) are more likely to decrease their demand for bank loans than private firms (which are typically more dependent on bank credit and benefit more from relationship lending). This 'relationship lending' hypothesis is opposite to the 'credit view' that holds that bank dependent firms are hit more strongly by credit rationing after monetary tightening. Next, we empirically test both hypotheses against each other. Our estimation results, based on a sample of around 22,000 firms in the euro area plus the UK during most of the 1990s, yield evidence in favour of the relationship lending hypothesis, particularly for private and small firms.

Suggested Citation

  • L. de Haan & E. Sterken, 2002. "Corporate Governance, Relationship Lending and Monetary Policy: Firm-Level Evidence for the Euro Area," WO Research Memoranda (discontinued) 708, Netherlands Central Bank, Research Department.
  • Handle: RePEc:dnb:wormem:708
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    Cited by:

    1. Lünnemann, Patrick & Mathä, Thomas Y., 2001. "Monetary transmission: empirical evidence from Luxembourg firm level data," Working Paper Series 111, European Central Bank.
    2. Eleni Angelopoulou & Heather D. Gibson, 2009. "The Balance Sheet Channel of Monetary Policy Transmission: Evidence from the United Kingdom," Economica, London School of Economics and Political Science, vol. 76(304), pages 675-703, October.
    3. Leo De Haan & Elmer Sterken, 2006. "The impact of monetary policy on the financing behaviour of firms in the Euro area and the UK," The European Journal of Finance, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 12(5), pages 401-420.
    4. Degryse, Hans & Matthews, Kent & Zhao, Tianshu, 2018. "SMEs and access to bank credit: Evidence on the regional propagation of the financial crisis in the UK," Journal of Financial Stability, Elsevier, vol. 38(C), pages 53-70.
    5. Kajurová Veronika & Linnertová Dagmar, 2018. "Loose Monetary Policy and Corporate Investment of Manufacturing Firms in the Czech Republic," Review of Economic Perspectives, Sciendo, vol. 18(4), pages 371-385, December.
    6. Bennouna, Hicham & Chmielewski, Tomasz & Doukali, Mohamed, 2019. "Transmission de la politique monétaire vers l’endettement des entreprises non financières au Maroc," Document de travail 2019-1, Bank Al-Maghrib, Département de la Recherche.
    7. Vithessonthi, Chaiporn & Schwaninger, Markus & Müller, Matthias O., 2017. "Monetary policy, bank lending and corporate investment," International Review of Financial Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 50(C), pages 129-142.
    8. Eleni Angelopoulou & Heather D. Gibson, 2007. "The Balance Sheet Channel of Monetary Policy Transmission: Evidence from the UK," Working Papers 53, Bank of Greece.
    9. Anna Malinowska, 2016. "The impact of monetary policy and agent heterogeneity on firm financing structure: evidence from the USA," Ekonomia journal, Faculty of Economic Sciences, University of Warsaw, vol. 46.
    10. Vithessonthi, Chaiporn & Schwaninger, Markus & Müller, Matthias O., 2017. "Monetary policy, bank lending and corporate investment," International Review of Financial Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 50(C), pages 129-142.
    11. Ferrando, Annalisa & Martinez-Carrascal, Carmen, 2008. "The impact of financial position on investment: an anlysis for non-financial corporations in the euro area," Working Paper Series 943, European Central Bank.
    12. Adachi-Sato, Meg & Vithessonthi, Chaiporn, 2019. "Corporate debt maturity and future firm performance volatility," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 60(C), pages 216-237.
    13. Bennouna, Hicham & Chmielewski, Tomasz & Doukali, Mohamed, 2019. "Monetary policy transmission in Morocco: Evidence from borrowers-level data," MPRA Paper 97086, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    14. Arbana Sahiti, 2017. "Creative Accounting- Nature, Usage, Labor and Relation with the Own Crisis Consequences in Practice in Kosovo," European Journal of Economics and Business Studies Articles, Revistia Research and Publishing, vol. 3, January -.
    15. I. Arnold & C.J.M. Kool & K. Raabe, 2011. "Industry Effects of Bank Lending in Germany," Working Papers 11-21, Utrecht School of Economics.
    16. KOC, Umit & SAHIN, Hasan, 2016. "Cash-Flow And Investment: A Panel Quantile Approach," MPRA Paper 77437, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    17. Natalia Nehrebecka & Aneta Dzik-Walczak, 2016. "Publication selection bias in the sources of financing the enterprises research? A Meta-Regression Analysis," Working Papers 2016-02, Faculty of Economic Sciences, University of Warsaw.
    18. Ruslan Aliyev & Dana Hajkova & Ivana Kubicova, 2015. "The Impact of Monetary Policy on Financing of Czech Firms," Czech Journal of Economics and Finance (Finance a uver), Charles University Prague, Faculty of Social Sciences, vol. 65(6), pages 455-476, December.
    19. Jiyoung Kim, 2017. "Inter-industry analysis in the Korean flow-of-funds accounts," Journal of Economic Structures, Springer;Pan-Pacific Association of Input-Output Studies (PAPAIOS), vol. 6(1), pages 1-27, December.
    20. Sylvia Kaufmann & Maria Teresa Valderrama, 2004. "Modeling Credit Aggregates," Working Papers 90, Oesterreichische Nationalbank (Austrian Central Bank).
    21. Adachi-Sato, Meg & Vithessonthi, Chaiporn, 2019. "Corporate debt maturity and future firm performance volatility," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 60(C), pages 216-237.
    22. Veronika Kajurova & Dagmar Linnertova, 2018. "The Impact of Loose Monetary Policy on the Competitiveness of Czech Firms," ACTA VSFS, University of Finance and Administration, vol. 12(1), pages 43-73.
    23. Kazuo Ogawa & Elmer Sterken & Ichiro Tokutsu, 2013. "The trade credit channel revisited: evidence from micro data of Japanese small firms," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 40(1), pages 101-118, January.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Corporate governance; Credit view; Relationship lending; Monetary policy;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • E52 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Monetary Policy
    • G32 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Financing Policy; Financial Risk and Risk Management; Capital and Ownership Structure; Value of Firms; Goodwill

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