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Is Eastern Europe ready for the Euro? A Cointegration Analysis for the Maastricht Criteria

  • I.S. Meister
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    This report documents the results of cointegration analyses of the degree of convergence which the economies of the central-eastern european countries (CEECs) have achieved towards the economies of the EMU countries. This cointegration technique is applied to several of the core variables that are important with respect to the Maastricht criteria, namely: inflation, the exchange rate, and the long-term interest rate. The main conclusion that can be drawn from this cointegration analysis is that most of the countries in the first group entering the EU have achieved a considerable degree of convergence for most (but not all) of these EMU criteria variables considered. The countries in the second group of countries to enter the EU in the more distant future, turn out to be lagging behind in the convergence process.

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    File URL: http://www.dnb.nl/binaries/wo0699_tcm46-145996.pdf
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    Paper provided by Netherlands Central Bank, Research Department in its series WO Research Memoranda (discontinued) with number 699.

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    Date of creation: 2002
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    Handle: RePEc:dnb:wormem:699
    Contact details of provider: Postal: Postbus 98, 1000 AB Amsterdam
    Web page: http://www.dnb.nl/en/

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    1. Gonzalo, Jesus, 1994. "Five alternative methods of estimating long-run equilibrium relationships," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 60(1-2), pages 203-233.
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    6. Lusinyan, Lusine & Buch, Claudia M., 2002. "Short-Term Capital, Economic Transformation, and EU Accession," Discussion Paper Series 1: Economic Studies 2002,02, Deutsche Bundesbank, Research Centre.
    7. Haug, Alfred A. & MacKinnon, James G. & Michelis, Leo, 2000. "European Monetary Union: a cointegration analysis," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 19(3), pages 419-432, June.
    8. James G. MacKinnon, 1990. "Critical Values for Cointegration Tests," Working Papers 1227, Queen's University, Department of Economics.
    9. Cushman, David O. & Sang Sub Lee & Thorgeirsson, Thorsteinn, 1996. "Maximum likelihood estimation of cointegration in exchange rate models for seven inflationary OECD countries," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 15(3), pages 337-368, June.
    10. Haug, Alfred A, 2001. "Co-movement towards a Currency or Monetary Union? An Empirical Study for New Zealand," Australian Economic Papers, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 40(3), pages 307-17, September.
    11. Halpern, László & Neményi, Judit, 2002. "Fiscal Foundation of Convergence to European Union in Pre-Accession Transition Countries," Discussion Paper Series 1: Economic Studies 2002,03, Deutsche Bundesbank, Research Centre.
    12. Johansen, Soren, 1991. "Estimation and Hypothesis Testing of Cointegration Vectors in Gaussian Vector Autoregressive Models," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 59(6), pages 1551-80, November.
    13. Wagner, Helmut, 2002. "Pitfalls in the European Enlargement Process: Financial Instability and Real Divergence," Discussion Paper Series 1: Economic Studies 2002,06, Deutsche Bundesbank, Research Centre.
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