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Corporate Investment and Financing Constraints: Connections with Cash management

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  • Allard Bruinshoofd

Abstract

When firms find that external finance is costly or rationed, they face financing constraints in their investment decisions. The financing constraints paradigm applies this idea empirically and supports the joint hypothesis that constrained firms can be identified and should display a stronger sensitivity of investment to cash flow. The first part of this paper shows that this paradigm is increasingly criticised, because some proxy variables used to identify constrained firms deliver contradictory results regarding this sensitivity. In addition, some of the firms that display a strong sensitivity have internal funds seemingly in abundance. While this weakens, it does not render useless the financing constraints paradigm. In the second part of this paper, I propose a more comprehensive look at financing constraints in two stages. First, theoretical and applied research into corporate cash holdings suggest that firms react to informational problems in capital markets by specifying cash targets partially for the purpose of circumventing the brunt of future financing constraints. I argue that knowledge of such targets allows us to measure the amount of 'free cash' that firms have at their disposal, which is a clearer measure of the constrainedness of a firm than observed cash levels. Second, the simultaneous modelling of investment and cash management provides for a clearer assessment of the interplay between cash accumulation and investment.

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  • Allard Bruinshoofd, 2003. "Corporate Investment and Financing Constraints: Connections with Cash management," DNB Staff Reports (discontinued) 110, Netherlands Central Bank.
  • Handle: RePEc:dnb:staffs:110
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    Cited by:

    1. Allard Bruinshoofd & Leo de Haan, 2005. "Financing the New Economy: Are ICT Firms Really That Different?," DNB Working Papers 077, Netherlands Central Bank, Research Department.
    2. Baum, Christopher F. & Caglayan, Mustafa & Stephan, Andreas & Talavera, Oleksandr, 2008. "Uncertainty determinants of corporate liquidity," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 25(5), pages 833-849, September.
    3. Agustinus Prasetyantoko, 2006. "Financing Constraint and Firm Investment Following a Financial Crisis in Indonesia," Post-Print halshs-00133964, HAL.
    4. Agustinus, Prasetyantoko, 2007. "Foreign Ownership and Firm Financing Constraint in Indonesia," MPRA Paper 6500, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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    JEL classification:

    • E41 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Demand for Money
    • G31 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Capital Budgeting; Fixed Investment and Inventory Studies
    • G32 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Financing Policy; Financial Risk and Risk Management; Capital and Ownership Structure; Value of Firms; Goodwill

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