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Comparing Efficiency in European Banking: a Meta Frontier Approach

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  • J.W.B. Bos
  • H. Schmiedel

Abstract

A persistent paradox in stochastic frontier efficiency research is that we cannot compare the X-efficiency of firms without assuming these firms to operate under a common frontier. In this paper, we address this imbalance by constructing so-called metafrontiers. Specifically, we build on recent advances by Battese et al. (2002) in enveloping regional frontiers. First, we estimate country-specific and common cost and profit frontiers. Second, we apply a type of envelope that provides a good fit for a meta-frontier. Using a data set of more than 5000 large commercial banks from all major European banking markets over the period 1993-2000, the application of meta-frontiers enables us to assess the existence of a single European banking market. Empirical evidence supports the view that traditional efficiency techniques based on pooled frontier efficiency scores tend to underestimate cost and profit efficiency levels resulting in biased cross-country comparisons.

Suggested Citation

  • J.W.B. Bos & H. Schmiedel, 2003. "Comparing Efficiency in European Banking: a Meta Frontier Approach," Research Series Supervision (discontinued) 57, Netherlands Central Bank, Directorate Supervision.
  • Handle: RePEc:dnb:ressup:57
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    File URL: https://www.dnb.nl/en/binaries/ot057_tcm47-146066.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    13. Fried, Harold O. & Lovell, C. A. Knox & Schmidt, Shelton S. (ed.), 1993. "The Measurement of Productive Efficiency: Techniques and Applications," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780195072181.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Luiz Chabalgoity & Emerson Marinho & Mauricio Benegas & Paulo de M. Jorge Neto, 2005. "The Impact Of De-Regulamentation On The Brazilian Banking Industry: A Production Metafrontier Approach," Anais do XXXIII Encontro Nacional de Economia [Proceedings of the 33rd Brazilian Economics Meeting] 093, ANPEC - Associação Nacional dos Centros de Pós-Graduação em Economia [Brazilian Association of Graduate Programs in Economics].
    2. Jacob A. Bikker & Jaap W.B. Bos, 2005. "Trends in Competition and Profitability in the Banking Industry: A Basic Framework," Chapters in SUERF Studies, SUERF - The European Money and Finance Forum.
    3. Bos, Jaap W. B. & Heid, Frank & Koetter, Michael & Kolari, James W. & Kool, Clemens J. M., 2005. "Inefficient or just different? Effects of heterogeneity on bank efficiency scores," Discussion Paper Series 2: Banking and Financial Studies 2005,15, Deutsche Bundesbank.
    4. Bos, J.W.B. & Kool, C.J.M., 2006. "Bank efficiency: The role of bank strategy and local market conditions," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 30(7), pages 1953-1974, July.
    5. repec:eee:wdevel:v:107:y:2018:i:c:p:176-188 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. Julien Reynaud & Rofikoh Rokhim, 2005. "Do banking crises enhance efficiency ? A case study of 1994 Turkish and 1997 Indonesian crises," Cahiers de la Maison des Sciences Economiques bla05007, Université Panthéon-Sorbonne (Paris 1).
    7. repec:hal:journl:halshs-00193306 is not listed on IDEAS
    8. Ariff, Mohamed & Can, Luc, 2008. "Cost and profit efficiency of Chinese banks: A non-parametric analysis," China Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 19(2), pages 260-273, June.
    9. Georgios Chortareas & Claudia Girardone & Alexia Ventouri, 2009. "Efficiency and productivity of Greek banks in the EMU era," Applied Financial Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 19(16), pages 1317-1328.
    10. Chiu, Yung-ho & Luo, Zhengying & Chen, Yu-Chuan & Wang, Zebin & Tsai, Min-Pei, 2013. "A comparison of operating performance management between Taiwan banks and foreign banks based on the Meta-Hybrid DEA model," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 33(C), pages 433-439.
    11. Koutsomanoli-Filippaki, Anastasia & Mamatzakis, Emmanuel C., 2010. "Estimating the speed of adjustment of European banking efficiency under a quadratic loss function," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 27(1), pages 1-11, January.
    12. Mamatzakis, E & Koutsomanoli, A, 2009. "European Banking Integration under a Quadratic Loss Function," MPRA Paper 19379, University Library of Munich, Germany.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    x-efficiency; stochastic frontiers; banking; meta-frontiers;

    JEL classification:

    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • L11 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - Production, Pricing, and Market Structure; Size Distribution of Firms
    • L22 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - Firm Organization and Market Structure
    • L23 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - Organization of Production

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