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International Banking and Cross-Border Effects of Regulation: Lessons from the Netherlands

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  • Jon Frost
  • Jakob de Haan
  • Neeltje van Horen

Abstract

The large and concentrated international activities of Dutch banks make the Netherlands particularly relevant for assessing the outward transmission of prudential policies. Analysis of the quarterly international claims of 25 Dutch banks in 63 countries over 2000-2013 indicates that Dutch banks increase lending in countries that tighten prudential regulation. This result is driven particularly by larger banks; banks with higher deposit ratios; by lending to advanced economies; and by lending in the post-crisis period. The result is not significant in most other sub-samples. These findings suggest that banks react to changes in local prudential regulation via foreign lending - which could come either from regulatory arbitrage, or from signaling effects of prudential policy on country risk. This contributes to the case for the reciprocation of macroprudential policy.

Suggested Citation

  • Jon Frost & Jakob de Haan & Neeltje van Horen, 2016. "International Banking and Cross-Border Effects of Regulation: Lessons from the Netherlands," DNB Working Papers 520, Netherlands Central Bank, Research Department.
  • Handle: RePEc:dnb:dnbwpp:520
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. H. Evren Damar & Adi Mordel, 2017. "International Banking and Cross-Border Effects of Regulation: Lessons from Canada," International Journal of Central Banking, International Journal of Central Banking, vol. 13(2), pages 35-64, March.
    2. Claudia M Buch & Linda S Goldberg, 2017. "Cross-Border Prudential Policy Spillovers: How Much? How Important? Evidence from the International Banking Research Network," International Journal of Central Banking, International Journal of Central Banking, vol. 13(2), pages 505-558, March.
    3. Jana Ohls & Marcus Pramor & Lena Tonzer, 2017. "International Banking and Cross-Border Effects of Regulation: Lessons from Germany," International Journal of Central Banking, International Journal of Central Banking, vol. 13(2), pages 129-162, March.
    4. Stijn Claessens & Neeltje Van Horen, 2014. "Location Decisions of Foreign Banks and Competitor Remoteness," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 46(1), pages 145-170, February.
    5. Reinhardt, Dennis & Sowerbutts, Rhiannon, 2015. "Regulatory arbitrage in action: evidence from banking flows and macroprudential policy," Bank of England working papers 546, Bank of England.
    6. Joel F. Houston & Chen Lin & Yue Ma, 2012. "Regulatory Arbitrage and International Bank Flows," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 67(5), pages 1845-1895, October.
    7. Arturo Galindo & Alejandro Micco & César Manuel Serra, 2003. "Better the Devil that You Know: Evidence on Entry Costs Faced by Foreign Banks," Research Department Publications 4313, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
    8. Cerutti, Eugenio & Claessens, Stijn & Laeven, Luc, 2017. "The use and effectiveness of macroprudential policies: New evidence," Journal of Financial Stability, Elsevier, vol. 28(C), pages 203-224.
    9. Ongena, Steven & Popov, Alexander & Udell, Gregory F., 2013. "“When the cat's away the mice will play”: Does regulation at home affect bank risk-taking abroad?," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 108(3), pages 727-750.
    10. Eugenio Cerutti & Ricardo Correa & Elisabetta Fiorentino & Esther Segalla, 2017. "Changes in Prudential Policy Instruments - A New Cross-Country Database," International Journal of Central Banking, International Journal of Central Banking, vol. 13(2), pages 477-503, March.
    11. Matthieu Bussière & Julia Schmidt & Frédéric Vinas, 2017. "International Banking and Cross-Border Effects of Regulation: Lessons from France," International Journal of Central Banking, International Journal of Central Banking, vol. 13(2), pages 163-193, March.
    12. Janko Cizel & Jon Frost & Aerdt Houben & Peter Wierts, 2019. "Effective Macroprudential Policy: Cross‐Sector Substitution from Price and Quantity Measures," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 51(5), pages 1209-1235, August.
    13. Marianna Caccavaio & Luisa Carpinelli & Giuseppe Marinelli, 2017. "International Banking and Cross-Border Effects of Regulation: Lessons from Italy," International Journal of Central Banking, International Journal of Central Banking, vol. 13(2), pages 223-247, March.
    14. Shekhar Aiyar & Charles W Calomiris & Tomasz Wieladek, 2015. "Bank Capital Regulation: Theory, Empirics, and Policy," IMF Economic Review, Palgrave Macmillan;International Monetary Fund, vol. 63(4), pages 955-983, November.
    15. Arturo Galindo & Alejandro Micco & César Manuel Serra, 2003. "Better the Devil that You Know: Evidence on Entry Costs Faced by Foreign Banks," Research Department Publications 4313, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
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    Cited by:

    1. Janko Cizel & Jon Frost & Aerdt Houben & Peter Wierts, 2019. "Effective Macroprudential Policy: Cross‐Sector Substitution from Price and Quantity Measures," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 51(5), pages 1209-1235, August.
    2. Mary Everett & Jakob de Haan & David‐Jan Jansen & Peter McQuade & Anna Samarina, 2021. "Mortgage lending, monetary policy, and prudential measures in small euro‐area economies: Evidence from Ireland and the Netherlands," Review of International Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 29(1), pages 117-143, February.
    3. Jana Ohls & Marcus Pramor & Lena Tonzer, 2017. "International Banking and Cross-Border Effects of Regulation: Lessons from Germany," International Journal of Central Banking, International Journal of Central Banking, vol. 13(2), pages 129-162, March.
    4. Claudia M Buch & Linda S Goldberg, 2017. "Cross-Border Prudential Policy Spillovers: How Much? How Important? Evidence from the International Banking Research Network," International Journal of Central Banking, International Journal of Central Banking, vol. 13(2), pages 505-558, March.
    5. Jose M Berrospide & Ricardo Correa & Linda S Goldberg & Friederike Niepmann, 2017. "International Banking and Cross-Border Effects of Regulation: Lessons from the United States," International Journal of Central Banking, International Journal of Central Banking, vol. 13(2), pages 435-476, March.
    6. Stefan Avdjiev & Cathérine Koch & Patrick McGuire & Goetz von Peter, 2017. "International Prudential Policy Spillovers: A Global Perspective," International Journal of Central Banking, International Journal of Central Banking, vol. 13(2), pages 5-33, March.
    7. Jon Frost & Patty Duijm & Clemens Bonner & Leo Haan & Jakob Haan, 2019. "International Lending of Dutch Insurers and Pension Funds: the Impact of ECB Monetary Policy and Prudential Policies in the Host Country," Open Economies Review, Springer, vol. 30(3), pages 445-456, July.
    8. De Schryder, Selien & Opitz, Frederic, 2021. "Macroprudential policy and its impact on the credit cycle," Journal of Financial Stability, Elsevier, vol. 53(C).
    9. Nitzan Tzur-Ilan, 2019. "Macroprudential Policy: Implementation, Effects, And Lessons," Israel Economic Review, Bank of Israel, vol. 17(1), pages 39-71.
    10. Financial Stability Committee, Task Force on cross-border Spillover Effects of macroprudential measures & Kok, Christoffer & Reinhardt, Dennis, 2020. "Cross-border spillover effects of macroprudential policies: a conceptual framework," Occasional Paper Series 242, European Central Bank.
    11. Diana Bonfim & Sónia Costa, 2017. "International Banking and Cross-Border Effects of Regulation: Lessons from Portugal," International Journal of Central Banking, International Journal of Central Banking, vol. 13(2), pages 341-377, March.
    12. Alejandro Jara & Luis Cabezas, 2017. "International Banking and Cross-Border Effects of Regulation: Lessons from Chile," International Journal of Central Banking, International Journal of Central Banking, vol. 13(2), pages 95-127, March.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    macroprudential policies; international banking; bank credit; spillovers;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • F42 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - International Policy Coordination and Transmission
    • F44 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - International Business Cycles
    • G15 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - International Financial Markets
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages

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