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Effects of explicit FOMC policy rate guidance on market interest rates

Author

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  • Richhild Moessner

Abstract

We quantify the impact of explicit FOMC policy rate guidance used as an unconventional monetary policy tool at the zero lower bound of the policy rate on market interest rates. We study the impact on short- to medium-term interest rates implied by Eurodollar interest rate futures contracts, and on near- to long-term interest rates implied by US Treasury securities. We find that explicit policy rate guidance announcements significantly reduced interest rates implied by Eurodollar futures at horizons of 1 to 5 years ahead, with the largest effect at the intermediate horizon of 3 years. We also find that they significantly reduced forward interest rates implied by US Treasuries at horizons of 1 to 7 years ahead, with the largest effect at the intermediate horizons of 4 and 5 years. Moreover, we find that explicit FOMC policy rate guidance led to a significant reduction in the term spread, ie to a fiattening of the yield curve, both for the Eurodollar futures curve and the US Treasury yield curve.

Suggested Citation

  • Richhild Moessner, 2013. "Effects of explicit FOMC policy rate guidance on market interest rates," DNB Working Papers 384, Netherlands Central Bank, Research Department.
  • Handle: RePEc:dnb:dnbwpp:384
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Gavin, William T. & Keen, Benjamin D. & Richter, Alexander & Throckmorton, Nathaniel, 2013. "The stimulative effect of forward guidance," Working Papers 2013-38, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, revised 30 Apr 2014.
    2. Alan Blinder & Michael Ehrmann & Jakob de Haan & David-Jan Jansen, 2017. "Necessity as the mother of invention: monetary policy after the crisis," Economic Policy, CEPR;CES;MSH, vol. 32(92), pages 707-755.
    3. Michelle Bongard & Gabriele Galati & Richhild Moessner & William Nelson, 2016. "Connecting the dots: market reactions to forecasts of policy rates and forward guidance provided by the Fed," DNB Working Papers 523, Netherlands Central Bank, Research Department.
    4. Kedan, Danielle & Stuart, Rebecca, 2014. "Central Bank Communications: A Comparative Study," Quarterly Bulletin Articles, Central Bank of Ireland, pages 89-104, April.
    5. Richhild Moessner, 2015. "International spillovers from US forward guidance to equity markets," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 47(42), pages 4549-4560, September.
    6. Gerlach, Stefan & Stuart, Rebecca, 2016. "Joining the Dots: The FOMC and the future path of policy rates," Research Technical Papers 08/RT/16, Central Bank of Ireland.
    7. Richhild Moessner, 2014. "Effects of explicit FOMC policy-rate guidance on equities and risk measures," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 46(18), pages 2139-2153, June.
    8. Amaya, Diego & Filbien, Jean-Yves, 2015. "The similarity of ECB’s communication," Finance Research Letters, Elsevier, vol. 13(C), pages 234-242.
    9. Detmers, Gunda-Alexandra & Nautz, Dieter, 2014. "Stale forward guidance," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 124(3), pages 358-361.
    10. Moessner, Richhild, 2015. "Reactions of US government bond yields to explicit FOMC forward guidance," The North American Journal of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 33(C), pages 217-233.
    11. Jeff W. Huther & Jason S. Seligman, 2013. "Yield curve impacts of forward guidance and maturity extension programs," Finance and Economics Discussion Series 2013-72, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
    12. repec:bla:ecinqu:v:55:y:2017:i:4:p:1593-1624 is not listed on IDEAS
    13. repec:bla:jecsur:v:31:y:2017:i:3:p:678-711 is not listed on IDEAS
    14. Richhild Moessner & David-Jan Jansen & Jakob de Haan, 2017. "Communication About Future Policy Rates In Theory And Practice: A Survey," Journal of Economic Surveys, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 31(3), pages 678-711, July.
    15. van Holle, Frederiek, 2017. "Essays in empirical finance and monetary policy," Other publications TiSEM 30d11a4b-7bc9-4c81-ad24-5, Tilburg University, School of Economics and Management.
    16. Kool, Clemens J. M. & Thornton, Daniel L., 2015. "How Effective Is Central Bank Forward Guidance?," Review, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, vol. 97(4), pages 303-322.
    17. Tsz-Kin Chung & Cho-Hoi Hui & Ka-Fai Li, 2014. "Assessing the Effectiveness of Date-Based Forward Guidance at the Zero Lower Bound with a Non-Gaussian Affine Term-Structure Model," Working Papers 192014, Hong Kong Institute for Monetary Research.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Monetary policy; central bank communication; policy rate guidance;

    JEL classification:

    • E58 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Central Banks and Their Policies

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