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The Impact of Explicit Deposit Insurance on Market Discipline

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  • Vasso Ioannidou
  • Jan de Dreu

Abstract

This paper studies the impact of explicit deposit insurance on market discipline in a framework that resembles a natural experiment. We improve upon previous studies by exploiting a unique combination of country-specific circumstances, design features, and data availability that allows us to distinguish between demand and supply effects. We show that deposit insurance causes a significant reduction in market discipline. We also show that the effect of deposit insurance depends on the coverage rate. When the coverage rate is more than 60 percent, market discipline is significantly reduced and it is completely eliminated when the coverage rate reaches 100 percent. Our results also suggest that most market discipline comes from large depositors and that the introduction of deposit insurance affected mainly those who were already active in imposing discipline. Our findings emphasize the need for binding coverage limits per depositor, high degrees of co- insurance, and "tailor made" deposit insurance systems that preserve the incentives of a critical mass of depositors that are willing and able to perform this function.

Suggested Citation

  • Vasso Ioannidou & Jan de Dreu, 2006. "The Impact of Explicit Deposit Insurance on Market Discipline," DNB Working Papers 089, Netherlands Central Bank, Research Department.
  • Handle: RePEc:dnb:dnbwpp:089
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    Cited by:

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    2. M. Disli & K. Schoors, 2013. "Bank rebranding and depositor loyalty," Working Papers of Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, Ghent University, Belgium 13/867, Ghent University, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration.
    3. Günther, Susanne, 2014. "Die Vermeidung von Bank Runs und der Erhalt von Marktdisziplin: Das Dilemma der Bankenregulierung?," Arbeitspapiere 142, University of Münster, Institute for Cooperatives.
    4. Lamers, Martien, 2015. "Depositor discipline and bank failures in local markets during the financial crisis," Research Report 15007-EEF, University of Groningen, Research Institute SOM (Systems, Organisations and Management).
    5. Ahmet Faruk Aysan & Mustafa Disli & Huseyin Ozturk, 2017. "Financial Crisis, Macroprudential Policies And Depositor Discipline," The Singapore Economic Review (SER), World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd., vol. 62(01), pages 5-25, March.
    6. Maria Semenova & Irina Andrievskaya, 2012. "Are banks peer disciplined? Evidence from post-crisis Russia," HSE Working papers WP BRP 07/FE/2012, National Research University Higher School of Economics.
    7. Disli, Mustafa & Schoors, Koen & Meir, Jos, 2013. "Political connections and depositor discipline," Journal of Financial Stability, Elsevier, vol. 9(4), pages 804-819.
    8. Carlos Caceres & Christoph Aymanns & Christina Daniel & Miss Liliana B Schumacher, 2016. "Bank Solvency and Funding Cost," IMF Working Papers 2016/064, International Monetary Fund.
    9. Allen N. Berger & Martien Lamers & Raluca A. Roman & Koen Schoors, 2020. "Unexpected Effects of Bank Bailouts:Depositors Need Not Apply and Need Not Run," Working Papers of Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, Ghent University, Belgium 20/1005, Ghent University, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration.
    10. Semenova Maria, 2007. "How depositors discipline banks: the case of Russia," EERC Working Paper Series 07-02e, EERC Research Network, Russia and CIS.
    11. Ahmet F. Aysan & Mustafa Disli & Huseyin Ozturk & Ibrahim M. Turhan, 2015. "Are Islamic Banks Subject To Depositor Discipline?," The Singapore Economic Review (SER), World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd., vol. 60(01), pages 1-16.
    12. Ghassan Omet & Ibrahim Saif & Hadeel Yaseen, 2008. "Market Discipline and Deposit Insurance: Evidence from Some Middle Eastern Banks," Working Papers 391, Economic Research Forum, revised 01 Jan 2008.
    13. Hyosoon Choi & Wook Sohn, 2014. "Regulatory Forbearance And Depositor Market Discipline: Evidence From Savings Banks In Korea," Contemporary Economic Policy, Western Economic Association International, vol. 32(1), pages 203-218, January.
    14. Xing Yan & Michael Skully & Katherine Avram & Tram Vu, 2014. "Market Discipline and Deposit Guarantee: Evidence from Australian Banks," International Review of Finance, International Review of Finance Ltd., vol. 14(3), pages 431-457, September.
    15. Aušrinė Lakštutienė & Rytis Krušinskas & Dalia Rumšaitė, 2011. "The influence of deposits insurance on the stability of the baltic states banking system," Journal of Business Economics and Management, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 12(3), pages 482-502, June.
    16. Ahmet F. Aysan & Mustafa Disli & Meryem Duygun & Huseyin Ozturk, 2017. "Islamic Banks, Deposit Insurance Reform, and Market Discipline: Evidence from a Natural Framework," Journal of Financial Services Research, Springer;Western Finance Association, vol. 51(2), pages 257-282, April.
    17. Delis, Manthos D. & Staikouras, Panagiotis K. & Tsoumas, Chris, 2019. "Supervisory enforcement actions and bank deposits," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 106(C), pages 110-123.
    18. Nicola Limodio & Francesco Strobbe, 2017. "Bank Deposits and Liquidity Regulation: Evidence from Ethiopia," Working Papers 612, IGIER (Innocenzo Gasparini Institute for Economic Research), Bocconi University.
    19. Alexei Karas & William Pyle & Koen Schoors, 2009. "The Effect of Deposit Insurance on Market Discipline:Evidence from a Natural Experiment on Deposit Flows," Middlebury College Working Paper Series 0905, Middlebury College, Department of Economics.
    20. Marília Pinheiro Ohlson & Gerlando Augusto Sampaio Franco de Lima & Tony Takeda, 2021. "Deposit insurance and brokerage firms: impacts on the market discipline of the Brazilian banking industry," Working Papers Series 542, Central Bank of Brazil, Research Department.
    21. Peresetsky, A.A. & Karminsky, A.M. & Golovan, S.V., 2007. "Russian banks' private deposit interest rates and market discipline," BOFIT Discussion Papers 2/2007, Bank of Finland, Institute for Economies in Transition.
    22. Ioannidou, Vasso P. & Penas, María Fabiana, 2010. "Deposit insurance and bank risk-taking: Evidence from internal loan ratings," Journal of Financial Intermediation, Elsevier, vol. 19(1), pages 95-115, January.
    23. Alexei Karas & William Pyle & Koen Schoors, 2013. "Deposit Insurance, Banking Crises, and Market Discipline: Evidence from a Natural Experiment on Deposit Flows and Rates," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 45(1), pages 179-200, February.
    24. Пересецкий А.А., 2007. "Процентные Ставки Российских Банков. Рыночная Дисциплина И Страхование Депозитов," Журнал Экономика и математические методы (ЭММ), Центральный Экономико-Математический Институт (ЦЭМИ), vol. 43(1), январь.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Market Discipline; Deposit Insurance; Deposit Insurance Coverage.;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • F30 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - General
    • F41 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - Open Economy Macroeconomics
    • G14 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Information and Market Efficiency; Event Studies; Insider Trading
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • G28 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Government Policy and Regulation

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