Globalisation and Monetary Policy
This paper studies the implications of globalisation for the effectiveness of monetary policy in large open economies, such as the euro area and the United States. The analysis allows for imperfect competition and an endogenous home bias in consumption. I find that globalisation (a reduction in the costs of international trade) causes a monetary expansion to have a larger (smaller) e¤ect on prices (output). To the extent that globalisation also induces stronger competition in the goods market, I find that its impact on the incentive for activist monetary policy is ambiguous. Finally, globalisation reduces the beggary-thy-neighbour effects of monetary policy.
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