Rice market integration in the Mekong river delta : the successful liberalisation of the domestic food market in Vietnam
This article analyses the spatial price differences in the rice market of the Mekong River Delta to assess the impact of the liberalisation policies on its functioning. The results of these policies carried out during the last two decades are impressive. The rice market system in the Delta is competitive. Price patterns strongly cohere and are integrated with the regulated export prices. However, price patterns in other regions and in particular in the North, are only weakly integrated with price patterns in the South. Private traders in the South satisfy local demand and deal with State Owned Enterprises (SOEs) involved in exports and transactions with the North. In the framework of the national food security policy, the state owned food companies subsidise transactions between the South and the North. Therefore, no profitable long distance trade can be established. Moreover, the state owned food companies acquire nearly all licences to export (quota). We conclude that, despite all the dramatic changes, the liberalisation process still faces major challenges.
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- Abdulai, Awudu, 2000. "Spatial price transmission and asymmetry in the Ghanaian maize market," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 63(2), pages 327-349, December.
- Kling, Catherine L. & Sexton, Richard & Carman, Hoy, 1991. "Market Integration, Efficiency of Arbitrage, and Imperfect Competition: Methodology and Application to U.S. Celery," Staff General Research Papers 1609, Iowa State University, Department of Economics.
- Minot, Nicholas & Goletti, Francesco, 2000. "Rice market liberalization and poverty in Viet Nam:," Research reports 114, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
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