Home advantage in speed skating: evidence from individual data
Home advantage is a well documented phenomena in many types of sports. Home advantage has been shown to exist for team sports (soccer, hockey, football, baseball, basketball) and for countries organizing sports tournaments like the Olympics and World Cup Soccer. There is also some evidence for home advantage in some individual sports, but there is much less literature available in that case. In this paper we address the issue of home advantage in speed skating. From a methodological point of view, it is difficult to identify home advantage, because skaters vary in their abilities, and the conditions of different tournaments vary. We establish the existence of a small, but significant home advantage, using a generalized linear mixed model, with random effects for skaters, and fixed effects for skating rinks and seasons. Even though the home advantage effect exists, it is very small when compared to variation in skating times due to differences of rinks and individual abilities.
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- Kuper, Gerard H. & Sterken, Elmer, 2001. "Endurance in speed skating," CCSO Working Papers 200111, University of Groningen, CCSO Centre for Economic Research.
- Kuper, Gerard H. & Sterken, Elmer, 2004. "Do skin suits increase average skating speed?," CCSO Working Papers 200404, University of Groningen, CCSO Centre for Economic Research.
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