IDEAS home Printed from
MyIDEAS: Login to save this paper or follow this series

Finite-sample instrumental variables inference using an asymptotically pivotal statistic

  • Bekker, Paul A.
  • Kleibergen, Frank

    (Groningen University)

The paper considers the K-statistic, Kleibergen’s (2000) adaptation of the Anderson-Rubin (AR) statistic in instrumental variables regression. Compared to the AR-statistic this K-statistic shows improved asymptotic efficiency in terms of degrees of freedom in overidenti?ed models and yet it shares, asymptotically, the pivotal property of the AR statistic. That is, asymptotically it has a chi-square distribution whether or not the model is identi?ed. This pivotal property is very relevant for size distortions in ?nite-sample tests. Whereas Kleibergen (2000) focuses especially on the asymptotic behavior of the statistic, the present paper concentrates on finite-sample properties in a Gaussian framework. In that case the AR statistic has an F-distribution. However, the K-statistic is not exactly pivotal. Its finite-sample distribution is affected by nuisance parameters. Here we consider the two extreme cases, which provide tight bounds for the exact distribution. The first case amounts to perfect identification —which is similar to the asymptotic case—where the statistic has an F-distribution. In the other extreme case there is total underidentification. For the latter case we show how to compute the exact distribution. Thus we provide tight bounds for exact con?dence sets based on the efficient K-statistic. Asymptotically the two bounds converge, except when there is a large number of redundant instruments.

If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.

File URL:
Download Restriction: no

Paper provided by University of Groningen, CCSO Centre for Economic Research in its series CCSO Working Papers with number 200109.

in new window

Date of creation: 2001
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:dgr:rugccs:200109
Contact details of provider: Postal: PO Box 800, 9700 AV Groningen
Phone: +31 50 363 7185
Fax: +31 50 363 3720
Web page:

More information through EDIRC

No references listed on IDEAS
You can help add them by filling out this form.

This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:dgr:rugccs:200109. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Joke Bulthuis)

If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

This information is provided to you by IDEAS at the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis using RePEc data.