Libéralisation commerciale et emploi en Tunisie: un modèle d’équilibre général avec salaires d’efficience
Within a multisectoral general equilibrium framework, we explicitly model endogenous wage differentials between sectors. The model, based on efficiency wage theory (the Shirking Model) is used to assess the impact of trade liberalization on employment and wages in Tunisia. Highly skilled workers are the main losers because their specialization reduces their mobility in the short run. We show that the results are different from those obtained with an exogenous wage differentials CGE model in terms of employment, but also mainly in terms of income distribution among the different categories of workers. These findings are explained by the different labour market closures in the two models: Unemployment is the equilibrating variable in the efficiency wage model, while it is the average wage in the exogenous wage differentials model.
|Date of creation:||1999|
|Date of revision:|
|Publication status:||Published in DIAL Document de travail, 1999|
|Contact details of provider:|| Web page: http://www.dauphine.fr/en/welcome.html|
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