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Inégalités et revenus sur le cycle de vie : Analyse sur des données biographiques malgaches

  • Guénard, Charlotte

This paper tries to distinguish between age and generation effects in the life cycle evolution of living standards of individuals. It is based on biographical data from a survey of 1998 made in Antananarivo and provided by the Madio project in Madagascar. Between 1965 and 1995, we observe both a diminution of living standards and an increase of inequalities in Antananarivo. In 35 years, the decrease of consumption has been continuous: the real per capita consumption of households decreased by 44.5 % between 1961 and 1995. At the same time, per capita GDP decreased by 36.8 % at the national level and private consumption by 46.8 %. In this context, what was the evolution of life cycle living standards of individuals? Have the youngest lower income compared to the elder at the same age? The analysis consists in the elaboration of a method of estimation of incomes during life trajectories of individuals of three different and successive generations. A double approach is used: a monetary analysis and another which takes into account living conditions of surveyed individuals during all their life. The evolution of inequality during the 1968-1998 period based on the preceding method is also studied to answer to two fundamental questions: which mobility in income scale do we observe in a long time period? What are the inequalities between individuals and cohorts when we evaluate it on the all life cycle? Finally, in the recent period (1988-1998), we shed the light on the education differentials between cohorts in the study of inequalities.

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Paper provided by Paris Dauphine University in its series Economics Papers from University Paris Dauphine with number 123456789/4587.

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Date of creation: 2001
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Publication status: Published in DIAL Document de travail, 2001
Handle: RePEc:dau:papers:123456789/4587
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