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L'émergence de pouvoir de marché dans les marchés électriques : le cas des Etats-Unis

  • Méritet, Sophie

Une problématique qui se pose dès lors que certaines activités électriques sont ouvertes à la concurrence est le pouvoir de marché. Le passage des prix régulés à des prix concurrentiels accroît les possibilités de manipulation des prix par les entreprises. Cet article est centré sur le pouvoir de marché réel ou potentiel des producteurs d'électricité aux États- Unis. Le sujet semble pertinent dans cette période de transition et de changement en Europe. Cet article est divisé en trois sections. Dans la première section, le concept de pouvoir de marché est défini dans l'industrie électrique en cours de transformation avec l'ouverture à la concurrence. La deuxième section étudie les manipulations de prix sur les marchés de gros de l'électricité aux États-Unis avec l'aide de plusieurs travaux qui ont révélé des abus de pouvoir de marché dans différentes régions. Dans la dernière section, deux enquêtes actuellement menées par les autorités antitrust américaines seront détaillées : la phase pilote du programme de libéralisation du Texas durant l'été 2001, et la zone PJM (Pennsylvanie - New Jersey - Maryland) à la fin de l'année 2001.

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Paper provided by Paris Dauphine University in its series Economics Papers from University Paris Dauphine with number 123456789/206.

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Date of creation: Feb 2003
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Publication status: Published in Economies et Sociétés. Série EN, Economie de l'énergie, 2003, Vol. 37, no. 2-3. pp. 339-355.Length: 16 pages
Handle: RePEc:dau:papers:123456789/206
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  1. Severin Borenstein & James Bushnell, 1998. "An Empirical Analysis of the Potential for Market Power in California's Electricity Industry," NBER Working Papers 6463, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. David M. Quick and Janis M. Carey, 2001. "An Analysis of Market Power Mitigation Strategies in Colorado's Electricity Industry," The Energy Journal, International Association for Energy Economics, vol. 0(Number 3), pages 55-78.
  3. Cardell, Judith B. & Hitt, Carrie Cullen & Hogan, William W., 1997. "Market power and strategic interaction in electricity networks," Resource and Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 19(1-2), pages 109-137, March.
  4. John Morris, 2000. "Finding Market Power in Electric Power Markets," International Journal of the Economics of Business, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 7(2), pages 167-178.
  5. Borenstein, Severin & Bushnell, James & Knittel, Chris, 1999. "Market Power in Electricity Markets: Beyond Concentration Measures," Staff General Research Papers 31548, Iowa State University, Department of Economics.
  6. William W. Hogan, 1997. "A Market Power Model with Strategic Interaction in Electricity Networks," The Energy Journal, International Association for Energy Economics, vol. 0(Number 4), pages 107-141.
  7. Severin Borenstein & James Bushnell & Christopher R. Knittel & Catherine Wolfram, 2001. "Trading Inefficiencies in California's Electricity Markets," NBER Working Papers 8620, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  8. Catherine D. Wolfram, 1998. "Strategic Bidding in a Multiunit Auction: An Empirical Analysis of Bids to Supply Electricity in England and Wales," RAND Journal of Economics, The RAND Corporation, vol. 29(4), pages 703-725, Winter.
  9. repec:cup:cbooks:9780521495905 is not listed on IDEAS
  10. Catherine D. Wolfram, 1999. "Measuring Duopoly Power in the British Electricity Spot Market," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 89(4), pages 805-826, September.
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