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How to design institutional frameworks for markets: New institutional economics meet the needs of industrial organization

  • Brousseau, Eric
  • Nicita, Antonio

The key role of institutions for economic performance has recently been acknowledged in the economic policy debate. This paper aims at pointing out the main policy lessons and the recommendations to be drawn from New Institutional Economics (NIE), when considering the organization of markets. We examine, first, the domains – namely the establishment of property rights, the management of externalities and the maintenance of the competitive process – on which NIE identifies the potential impact of institutional tools on market performance. Second, we highlight the tradeoffs identified in the literature regarding the organization of an institutional system. This leads us to consider the respective virtues and drawbacks of hierarchical vs. transactional, public vs. private, centralized vs. decentralized and formal vs. informal ordering. Finally, we conclude by showing how NIE draws attention to the difficulties faced by political or economic decision-makers when they attempt to enhance market efficiency by reforming institutional frameworks.

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Paper provided by Paris Dauphine University in its series Economics Papers from University Paris Dauphine with number 123456789/13237.

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Date of creation: 2010
Date of revision:
Publication status: Published in Revue d'Economie Industrielle, 2010, no. 129-130. pp. 87-118.Length: 31 pages
Handle: RePEc:dau:papers:123456789/13237
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