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Trade openness and wage inequality between skilled and unskilled workers in Tunisia

  • Ghazali, Monia
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    An important literature emerged in the 90’s about the relationship between integration in the world economy and wage inequality. However, it is more focused on developed countries and Latin America. This paper investigates the impact of trade liberalization process in Tunisia, initiated since the second half of the 1980s, on wage inequality between skilled and unskilled workers, over the period 1975-2002. We provide panel data evidence that trade openness contributes to increasing wage inequality. The results converge with conclusions of many existing studies on developing countries and make it essential to identify explanations for this phenomenon in presence of a high unemployment rate of university graduates, in Tunisia.

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    File URL: http://basepub.dauphine.fr/xmlui/bitstream/123456789/12528/1/ei117d.pdf
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    Paper provided by Paris Dauphine University in its series Economics Papers from University Paris Dauphine with number 123456789/12528.

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    Date of creation: 2009
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    Publication status: Published in Economie internationale, 2009, no. 117. pp. 63-97.Length: 34 pages
    Handle: RePEc:dau:papers:123456789/12528
    Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.dauphine.fr/en/welcome.html
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    26. Pinelopi K. Goldberg & Nina Pavcnik, 2004. "Trade, Inequality, and Poverty: What Do We Know? Evidence from Recent Trade Liberalization Episodes in Developing Countries," NBER Working Papers 10593, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    27. Currie, Janet & Harrison, Ann E, 1997. "Sharing the Costs: The Impact of Trade Reform on Capital and Labor in Morocco," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 15(3), pages S44-71, July.
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