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Aspiration failure: a poverty trap for indigenous children in Peru?

  • Risso Brandon, Fiorella
  • Pasquier-Doumer, Laure

This paper aims to contribute to understand the mechanisms underlying the complex exclusion process of indigenous people in Peru, by analysing the role played by aspirations in the investment in education of indigenous children. To address these issues, the paper relies on a very rich data set, the Young Lives data, and use an original instrument that allow to cast light on the causal relation between aspiration and educational outcomes. We find that aspiration failure is a channel of inequality persistence between indigenous and non-indigenous people, but that aspiration failure do not takes the form of a lack of aspiration. Indigenous children do not have internalized racial schemas about occupation or about their opportunities. However, the gap between their aspiration and their current socio-economic status is too large, in so far as it has a disincentive effect on forward-looking behaviour.

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File URL: http://basepub.dauphine.fr/xmlui/bitstream/123456789/12016/1/DT%202013-10%20Pasquier%20Doumer%20-%20Risso%20Brandon.pdf
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Paper provided by Paris Dauphine University in its series Economics Papers from University Paris Dauphine with number 123456789/12016.

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Date of creation: Oct 2013
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Publication status: Published in DIAL Document de travail, 2013
Handle: RePEc:dau:papers:123456789/12016
Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.dauphine.fr/en/welcome.html

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  1. Bernard, Tanguy & Dercon, Stefan & Taffesse, Alemayehu Seyoum, 2012. "Beyond fatalism: An empirical exploration of self-efficacy and aspirations failure in Ethiopia:," ESSP working papers 46, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
  2. Juan Ansión & Alejandro Lazarte & Silvia Matos & José Rodríguez & Pablo Vega-Centeno, 1998. "Educación: la mejor herencia. Decisiones educativas y expectativas de los padres de familia," Libros PUCP / PUCP Books, Fondo Editorial de la Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú, edition 1, number lde-1998-01.
  3. repec:hal:journl:halshs-00203145 is not listed on IDEAS
  4. Lionel Page & Louis Lévy-Garboua & Claude Montmarquette, 2006. "Aspiration Levels and Educational Choices An experimental study," CIRANO Working Papers 2006s-27, CIRANO.
  5. Carolina Trivelli, 2005. "Una mirada cuantitativa a la situación de pobreza de los hogares indígenas en el Perú," Revista Economía, Fondo Editorial de la Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú, issue 55-56, pages 83-158.
  6. Imbens, Guido W & Angrist, Joshua D, 1994. "Identification and Estimation of Local Average Treatment Effects," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 62(2), pages 467-75, March.
  7. Adolfo Figueroa, 2006. "El problema del empleo en una sociedad sigma," Documentos de Trabajo / Working Papers 2006-249, Departamento de Economía - Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú.
  8. Nopo, Hugo & Saavedra, Jaime & Torero, Maximo, 2004. "Ethnicity and Earnings in Urban Peru," IZA Discussion Papers 980, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  9. Aonghas St-Hilaire, 2002. "The Social Adaptation of Children of Mexican Immigrants: Educational Aspirations Beyond Junior High School," Social Science Quarterly, Southwestern Social Science Association, vol. 83(4), pages 1026-1043.
  10. Bernard, Tanguy & Taffesse, Alemayehu Seyoum, 2012. "Measuring aspirations: Discussion and example from Ethiopia:," ESSP working papers 47, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
  11. Santiago Cueto, 2007. "Las evaluaciones nacionales e internacionales de rendimiento escolar en el Perú: balance y perspectivas," Capitulos de Libros, in: Grade (ed.), Investigación, políticas y desarrollo en el Perú, edition 1, volume 1, chapter 10, pages 405-455 Grupo de Análisis para el Desarrollo (GRADE).
  12. Daron Acemoglu & Simon Johnson & James A. Robinson, 2002. "Reversal Of Fortune: Geography And Institutions In The Making Of The Modern World Income Distribution," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 117(4), pages 1231-1294, November.
  13. Escobal, Javier & Flores, Eva, 2008. "An Assessment of the Young Lives Sampling Approach in Peru," MPRA Paper 56483, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  14. Piketty, Thomas, 1998. "Self-fulfilling beliefs about social status," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 70(1), pages 115-132, October.
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