Early Marriage, Women Empowerment and Child Mortality: Married Too Young To Be a «Good Mother»?
This paper uses data from recent Senegalese Demographic and Health Surveys to explore the link between female empowerment and child mortality via early marriage, defined as marriage before age 16. There exist three channels through which early marriage reduces a mother's ability to take good care of her children: the harmful physical consequences of early sex and pregnancy; a disrupted education; and reduced autonomy and bargaining power. Controlling for the first two of these allows us to isolate the empowerment effect of early marriage. We estimate that it increases the probability that the mother experience at least one son death by 4.43%, and raises the number of dead sons per mother by 0.074. Particular attention is paid to discuss and address endogeneity issues. We also further investigate the heterogeneity of impact by current age and marriage duration. Findings suggest that we effectively identify the empowerment channel.
|Date of creation:||May 2013|
|Date of revision:|
|Publication status:||Published in DIAL Document de travail, 2013|
|Contact details of provider:|| Web page: http://www.dauphine.fr/en/welcome.html|
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