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Converging at the Bottom of the Income Distribution? Assimilation of Immigrant Cohorts over Time

Author

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  • Kuan Xu

    () (Department of Economics, Dalhousie University)

Abstract

This paper uses a poverty intensity measure to provide additional empirical evidence on the assimilation of immigrant cohorts over time in Canada. This method is used because a reliable, and conservative, indicator of the poor integration of immigrants is the disproportional, prolonged poverty in these immigrant cohorts. The Sen index of poverty intensity captures incidence, depth, and equality of poverty and permits subgroup decomposition and therefore is a good choice. The immigrant cohorts, who arrived before 1946, from 1946 to 1955, from 1956 to 1965, from 1966 to 1970, from 1971 to 1975, from 1976 to 1980, from 1981 to 1985, and from 1986 to 1997, are examined with reference to the native-born population. The empirical results show that the convergence appeared to be stronger for the earlier immigrant cohorts in Canada but it was markedly slower for the 1981--1985 and 1986-1997 immigrant cohorts during the period of 1986--1997.

Suggested Citation

  • Kuan Xu, 2002. "Converging at the Bottom of the Income Distribution? Assimilation of Immigrant Cohorts over Time," Department of Economics at Dalhousie University working papers archive ginisbgp, Dalhousie, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:dal:wparch:ginisbgp
    as

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    File URL: http://www.economics.dal.ca/RePEc/dal/wparch/ginisbgp.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. David E. Bloom & Gilles Grenier & Morley Gunderson, 1995. "The Changing Labour Market Position of Canadian Immigrants," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 28(4b), pages 987-1005, November.
    2. Kristin F. Butcher & John Dinardo, 2002. "The Immigrant and Native-Born Wage Distributions: Evidence from United States Censuses," ILR Review, Cornell University, ILR School, vol. 56(1), pages 97-121, October.
    3. Lambert, Peter J & Aronson, J Richard, 1993. "Inequality Decomposition Analysis and the Gini Coefficient Revisited," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 103(420), pages 1221-1227, September.
    4. Chiswick, Carmel U, 1989. "The Impact of Immigration on the Human Capital of Natives," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 7(4), pages 464-486, October.
    5. Green, David A, 1999. "Immigrant Occupational Attainment: Assimilation and Mobility over Time," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 17(1), pages 49-79, January.
    6. Christian Dustmann, 1996. "The social assimilation of immigrants," Journal of Population Economics, Springer;European Society for Population Economics, vol. 9(1), pages 37-54, February.
    7. Clark, Stephen & Hemming, Richard & Ulph, David, 1981. "On Indices for the Measurement of Poverty," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 91(362), pages 515-526, June.
    8. George J. Borjas & Lynette Hilton, 1996. "Immigration and the Welfare State: Immigrant Participation in Means-Tested Entitlement Programs," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 111(2), pages 575-604.
    9. Mookherjee, Dilip & Shorrocks, Anthony F, 1982. "A Decomposition Analysis of the Trend in UK Income Inequality," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 92(368), pages 886-902, December.
    10. Borjas, George J, 1987. "Self-Selection and the Earnings of Immigrants," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 77(4), pages 531-553, September.
    11. George J. Borjas, 1994. "The Economics of Immigration," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 32(4), pages 1667-1717, December.
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    Citations

    Blog mentions

    As found by EconAcademics.org, the blog aggregator for Economics research:
    1. Pakistani-Canadians: Falling below the poverty line
      by Murtaza Haider in eKonometrics on 2012-05-16 21:40:00

    More about this item

    Keywords

    immigration; integration; poverty; measurement; decomposition;

    JEL classification:

    • I32 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Measurement and Analysis of Poverty
    • J00 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - General - - - General

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