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Markov Equilibria of Dynamic Matching and Bargaining Games

  • Gale, D.
  • Sabourian, H.

Rubinstein and Wolinsky (1990) show that a simple homogeneous market with exogenous matching has a continuum of (non-competitive) perfect equilibria; however, the unique Markov perfect equilibrium is competitive. By contrast, in the more general case of heterogeneous markets, we show there exists a continuum of (non-competitive) Markov perfect equilibria. However, a refinement of the Markov property, which we call monotonicity, does suffice to guarantee perfectly competitive behavior: we show that a Markov perfect equilibrium is competitive if and only if it is monotonic. The monotonicity property is closely related to the concept of Nash equilibrium with complexity costs.

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Paper provided by C.V. Starr Center for Applied Economics, New York University in its series Working Papers with number 02-07.

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Length: 39 pages
Date of creation: 2002
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:cvs:starer:02-07
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Web page: http://econ.as.nyu.edu/object/econ.cvstarr.html
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  1. Gale, Douglas M, 1986. "Bargaining and Competition Part II: Existence," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 54(4), pages 807-18, July.
  2. Rubinstein, Ariel & Wolinsky, Asher, 1985. "Equilibrium in a Market with Sequential Bargaining," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 53(5), pages 1133-50, September.
  3. K. G. Binmore & M. J. Herrero, 1988. "Matching and Bargaining in Dynamic Markets," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 55(1), pages 17-31.
  4. Ariel Rubinstein, 2010. "Perfect Equilibrium in a Bargaining Model," Levine's Working Paper Archive 661465000000000387, David K. Levine.
  5. K. G. Binmore & M. J. Herrero, 1988. "Matching and Bargaining in Dynamic Markets," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 55(1), pages 17-31.
  6. K. G. Binmore & M. J. Herrero, 1988. "Security Equilibrium," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 55(1), pages 33-48.
  7. McLennan, Andrew & Sonnenschein, Hugo, 1991. "Sequential Bargaining as a Noncooperative Foundation for Walrasian Equilibrium," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 59(5), pages 1395-1424, September.
  8. Arial Rubinstein & Asher Wolinsky, 1990. "Decentralized Trading, Strategic Behaviour and the Walrasian Outcome," Levine's Working Paper Archive 622, David K. Levine.
  9. K. G. Binmore & M. J. Herrero, 1988. "Security Equilibrium," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 55(1), pages 33-48.
  10. Masso, Jordi & Rosenthal, Robert W., 1989. "More on the "anti-folk theorem"," Journal of Mathematical Economics, Elsevier, vol. 18(3), pages 281-290, June.
  11. Douglas Gale, 2010. "Limit theorems for markets with sequential bargaining," Levine's Working Paper Archive 621, David K. Levine.
  12. Ariel Rubinstein & Asher Wolinsky, 1990. "Decentralized Trading, Strategic Behaviour and the Walrasian Outcome," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 57(1), pages 63-78.
  13. Gale, Douglas M, 1986. "Bargaining and Competition Part I: Characterization," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 54(4), pages 785-806, July.
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