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Informalidad laboral en los centros urbanos de Colombia: ¿Depende del desplazamiento forzado?

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  • Adriana María Romero Barreto

Abstract

El artículo revisa las consecuencias socioeconómicas más importantes del desplazamiento forzado en Colombia. Motivado por lo anterior, se estima la probabilidad de pertenencia al desempleo, al sector laboral formal, y a la informalidad laboral para la población migrante residente en los centros urbanos de Colombia, distinguiendo entre migrantes por motivo laboral y migrantes por motivo violento. Los resultados indican que, para el individuo promedio, ser un migrante por motivo violento incide negativamente en la probabilidad de encontrarse ocupado en el sector formal, mientras que incide positivamente en encontrarse ocupado en el sector informal o en encontrarse desempleado. Igualmente, se encuentra que la situación laboral para los migrantes por motivo violento persiste a medida que aumentan los años de residencia en el centro urbano de llegada. ************************************************* Abstract The paper reviews the most important socioeconomic consequences of the forced migration in Colombia. Motivated by this, the probability of belonging to unemployment, the formal labor sector, and the labor informality is estimated for the migrant population who reside in the urban centers of Colombia, distinguishing between migrants by labor motivation and migrants by violent motivation. Results show that, for the average individual, being a migrant by violent motivation has a negative influence on the probability of being a worker in the formal sector, whereas it has a positive influence on the probability of being an informal worker and on the probability on being unemployed. It is also found that the labor situation for migrants by violent motivation is persistent with increasing time of residence in the urban center of arrival.

Suggested Citation

  • Adriana María Romero Barreto, 2013. "Informalidad laboral en los centros urbanos de Colombia: ¿Depende del desplazamiento forzado?," Vniversitas Económica 011052, Universidad Javeriana - Bogotá.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000416:011052
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