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Efecto Bullwhip y restricciones de capacidad productiva en las cadenas de suministro colaborativas

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  • Salvatore Cannella

    ()

  • Elena Ciancimino

    ()

  • Mónica López Campos
  • José David Canca Ortiz

Abstract

El objetivo del presente artículo es profundizar en el análisis de Evans y Naim sobre la relación entre la capacidad de limitada producción y el efecto bullwhip, y actualizarlo en función de las recientes configuraciones de cadenas de suministro colaborativas. Se analizan tres cadenas de suministro con capacidad de producción limitada: la misma cadena de suministro tradicional estudiada por Evans y Naim, una cadena EPOS (Exchange Point of Sales) y una cadena sincronizada. Se adopta un sistema de métricas para evaluar los beneficios de los nodos de la cadena medidos en términos de estabilidad de la orden de pedido, estabilidad de los inventarios, y robustez del sistema, y en términos de beneficios para el cliente, medidos en términos de backlog. Los resultados sugieren que la saturación de la demanda en una cadena tradicional puede generar un doble riesgo": satisfacer una demanda de mercado distorsionada y por lo tanto sobredimensionada a un coste de producción significativamente elevado. Que los efectos negativos de la capacidad limitada están significativamente reducidos en las cadenas colaborativas."******The aim of this paper is to deepen the analysis of Evans and Naim (1) on the relationship between the limited production capacity and the Bullwhip effect, and updated according to recent configurations of collaborative supply chains. We analyze three supply chains with limited production capacity, the traditional supply chain studied by Evans and Naim (1), a chain EPOS (Point of Sales Exchange) and a synchronized chain. Adopting a metrics system to assess the benefits of the nodes in the chain measured in terms of stability of the order, stability of the inventories, and robustness of the system, and in terms of benefits to the client, measured in terms of backlog. The results suggest (I) the saturation of demand in a traditional string can generate a "double risk": to meet a market demand and thus distorted oversized to a significantly higher cost of production. (II) the negative effects of limited capacity are significantly reduced in collaborative supply chains.

Suggested Citation

  • Salvatore Cannella & Elena Ciancimino & Mónica López Campos & José David Canca Ortiz, 2008. "Efecto Bullwhip y restricciones de capacidad productiva en las cadenas de suministro colaborativas," REVISTA PANORAMA ECONÓMICO 006191, UNIVERSIDAD DE CARTAGENA.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000407:006191
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    File URL: http://revistas.unicartagena.edu.co/index.php/panoramaeconomico/article/view/378
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    1. Piore, Michael J, 1983. "Labor Market Segmentation: To What Paradigm Does It Belong?," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 73(2), pages 249-253, May.
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    Keywords

    Amplificación de la demanda; multi-step; métricas de rendimiento; Order-up-to; Periodic review; división de la información; reglas de pedido; subcontratación; simulación; ecuaciones diferenciales; mono-step Euler-Cauchy; Amplification of demand; multi-step; performance metrics; up-to- Order; Periodic review; division of information; rules of order; outsourcing; simulation; differential equations; single-step Euler-Cauchy.;

    JEL classification:

    • R22 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Household Analysis - - - Other Demand
    • R34 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Real Estate Markets, Spatial Production Analysis, and Firm Location - - - Input Demand Analysis
    • D13 - Microeconomics - - Household Behavior - - - Household Production and Intrahouse Allocation

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