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Democracy and Income: taking parameter heterogeneity and cross-country dependency into account

Author

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  • Tiago Sequeira

    () (Universidade da Beira Interior and CEFAGE-UBI)

Abstract

This paper investigates the relationship between income and democracy using common correlated effects (CCE) estimators which take into account the fact that democracy variables are highly correlated across countries and the possibility of heterogeneous effects of income on democracy across countries. Using a wider database than ever, covering annual data from 1800 to 2010 for almost all countries, we show that overall, the effect of income on democracy is statistically non-significant or significantly negative when the time-series features of the data are taken into account. This calls back into question the controversy about the empirical effect of income on democracy.

Suggested Citation

  • Tiago Sequeira, 2015. "Democracy and Income: taking parameter heterogeneity and cross-country dependency into account," CEFAGE-UE Working Papers 2015_10, University of Evora, CEFAGE-UE (Portugal).
  • Handle: RePEc:cfe:wpcefa:2015_10
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Democracy; Income.;

    JEL classification:

    • I25 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Education and Economic Development
    • N10 - Economic History - - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics; Industrial Structure; Growth; Fluctuations - - - General, International, or Comparative
    • N30 - Economic History - - Labor and Consumers, Demography, Education, Health, Welfare, Income, Wealth, Religion, and Philanthropy - - - General, International, or Comparative
    • O10 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - General
    • O50 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - General
    • Z10 - Other Special Topics - - Cultural Economics - - - General

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