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Macroeconomics and Descrimination in Teaching


  • Elias Tuma

    (Department of Economics, University of California Davis)


There are biases in the teaching of macroeconomics. These biases reflect economic discrimination which varies in kind and impact on policy making and welfare of the people. Traditional economic concepts and tools of analysis are capable of identifying the different kinds of economic discrimination and assessing their impact on the economy. These concepts and tools are also adequate in teaching macroeconomics without bias and without compromising traditional objectives of economic education. The existence of economic discrimination has been widely recognized, but the teaching of macroeconomics has been too slow to reflect that reality.1 There have been a few attempts to identify the bias in economic education and restructure the introductory course to remove the bias. However, economic textbooks continue to focus on the economics of homogeneous labor, economic rationality, and perfect competition which tend to ignore race and gender biases in economic policy and implementation. Models and theories of perfect competition can establish standards for explanation of economic behavior, but they do not explain economic discrimination nor justify the bias in economic education. Similarly, failing to emphasize the distinction between theoretical models and applied behavior can result in distorted perspectives of the economy, misleading economic

Suggested Citation

  • Elias Tuma, 2004. "Macroeconomics and Descrimination in Teaching," Working Papers 952, University of California, Davis, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:cda:wpaper:95-2

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Mas-Colell,Andreu, 1990. "The Theory of General Economic Equilibrium," Cambridge Books, Cambridge University Press, number 9780521388702, March.
    2. Andreu Mas-Colell & Xavier Vives, 1993. "Implementation in Economies with a Continuum of Agents," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 60(3), pages 613-629.
    3. Judd, Kenneth L., 1985. "The law of large numbers with a continuum of IID random variables," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 35(1), pages 19-25, February.
    4. Dubey, Pradeep & Mas-Colell, Andreau & Shubik, Martin, 1980. "Efficiency properties of strategies market games: An axiomatic approach," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 22(2), pages 339-362, April.
    5. Armstrong, Thomas E. & Richter, Marcel K., 1984. "The core-walras equivalence," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 33(1), pages 116-151, June.
    6. Al-Najjar, Nabil Ibraheem, 1995. "Decomposition and Characterization of Risk with a Continuum of Random Variables," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 63(5), pages 1195-1224, September.
    7. Peter J. Hammond, 1979. "Straightforward Individual Incentive Compatibility in Large Economies," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 46(2), pages 263-282.
    8. Feldman, Mark & Gilles, Christian, 1985. "An expository note on individual risk without aggregate uncertainty," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 35(1), pages 26-32, February.
    9. Gibbard, Allan, 1973. "Manipulation of Voting Schemes: A General Result," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 41(4), pages 587-601, July.
    10. Champsaur, Paul & Laroque, Guy, 1981. "Fair allocations in large economies," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 25(2), pages 269-282, October.
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