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Over-the-Counter Trade and the Value of Assets as Collateral

Author

Listed:
  • Athanasios Geromichalos
  • Jiwon Lee
  • Seungduck Lee
  • Keita Oikawa

    (Department of Economics, University of California Davis)

Abstract

We study asset pricing within a general equilibrium model where unsecured credit is ruled out, and a real asset helps agents carry out mutually beneficial transactions by serving as collateral. A unique feature of our model is that the agent who provides the loan might have a low valu- ation for the collateral asset. Nevertheless, the lender rationally chooses to accept the collateral because she can access a secondary asset market where she can sell the asset. Following a recent strand of the finance literature, based on the influential work of Duffie, G?arleanu, and Pedersen (2005), we model this secondary asset market as an over-the-counter market characterized by search and bargaining frictions. We study how the asset?s property to serve as collateral affects its equilibrium price, and how the asset price and the economy?s welfare are affected by the degree of liquidity in the secondary asset market.

Suggested Citation

  • Athanasios Geromichalos & Jiwon Lee & Seungduck Lee & Keita Oikawa, 2014. "Over-the-Counter Trade and the Value of Assets as Collateral," Working Papers 143, University of California, Davis, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:cda:wpaper:14-3
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    File URL: http://wp.econ.ucdavis.edu/14-3.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Aloisio Araújo & Jaime Orrillo & Mario R. Páscoa, 2000. "Equilibrium with Default and Endogenous Collateral," Mathematical Finance, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 10(1), pages 1-21.
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    3. Ana Fostel & John Geanakoplos, 2012. "Tranching, CDS, and Asset Prices: How Financial Innovation Can Cause Bubbles and Crashes," American Economic Journal: Macroeconomics, American Economic Association, vol. 4(1), pages 190-225, January.
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    5. Rubén Poblete-Cazenave & Juan Torres-Martínez, 2013. "Equilibrium with limited-recourse collateralized loans," Economic Theory, Springer;Society for the Advancement of Economic Theory (SAET), vol. 53(1), pages 181-211, May.
    6. Gale, David, 1973. "Pure exchange equilibrium of dynamic economic models," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 6(1), pages 12-36, February.
    7. Paul A. Samuelson, 1958. "An Exact Consumption-Loan Model of Interest with or without the Social Contrivance of Money," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 66, pages 467-467.
    8. Abdelkrim Seghir & Juan Torres-Martínez, 2008. "Wealth transfers and the role of collateral when lifetimes are uncertain," Economic Theory, Springer;Society for the Advancement of Economic Theory (SAET), vol. 36(3), pages 471-502, September.
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    10. Felix Kubler & Karl Schmedders, 2003. "Stationary Equilibria in Asset-Pricing Models with Incomplete Markets and Collateral," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 71(6), pages 1767-1793, November.
    11. Kehoe, Timothy J. & Levine, David K. & Mas-Colell, Andreu & Woodford, Michael, 1991. "Gross substitutability in large-square economies," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 54(1), pages 1-25, June.
    12. Araújo, Aloísio & Kubler, Felix & Schommer, Susan, 2012. "Regulating collateral-requirements when markets are incomplete," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 147(2), pages 450-476.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    asset prices; collateral; monetary-search models; liquidity; over-the-counter markets;

    JEL classification:

    • E31 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Price Level; Inflation; Deflation
    • E50 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - General
    • E52 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Monetary Policy
    • G12 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Asset Pricing; Trading Volume; Bond Interest Rates

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