The Pricing of Derivatives on Assets with Quadratic Volatility
The basic model of financial economics is the Samuelson model of geometric Brownian motion because of the celebrated Black-Scholes formula for pricing the call option. The asset volatility is a linear function of the asset value and the model guarantees positive asset prices. We show that the the pricing PDE can be solved if the volatility function is a quadratic polynomial and give explicit formulas for the call option: a generalization of the Black-Scholes formula for an asset whose volatility is affine, a formula for the Bachelier model with constant volatility and a new formula in the case of quadratic volatility. The implied Black-Scholes volatilities of the Bachelier and the affine model are frowns, the quadratic specifications also imply smiles.
|Date of creation:||Mar 1999|
|Date of revision:|
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- Miltersen, Kristian R & Sandmann, Klaus & Sondermann, Dieter, 1997.
" Closed Form Solutions for Term Structure Derivatives with Log-Normal Interest Rates,"
Journal of Finance,
American Finance Association, vol. 52(1), pages 409-30, March.
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- K. Sandmann & Sandmann, K., 1995. "The Direct Approach to Debt Option Pricing," Discussion Paper Serie B 212, University of Bonn, Germany.
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