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Oekonomische Grundlagen der Ethik

Listed author(s):
  • Krelle, Wilhelm
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    Alle möglichen Situationen, in denen jemand gegen moralische Gesetze verstoßen kann, werden mit ihren Anreizen zur Übertretung, den zu erwartenden Strafen in der Zukunft und den Wahrscheinlichkeiten des Eintretens dieser Situation beschrieben. Je nach der Abdiskontierung der Zukunft wirken die Strafen abschreckend oder nicht. Die Zukunfts-Diskontraten, die gleichzeitig den Ökonomischen Horizont bestimmen, sind in der Bevölkerung verschieden verteilt. Dadurch läßt sich der moralische Standard einer Bevölkerung und die Kriminalitätsrate herleiten. Die Verteilung der Zukunfts-Diskontraten folgt einem Markoff-Prozeß. Die so entstandenen moralischen Standards werden internalisiert und dann auf verschiedene Weise ideologisch, philosophisch oder theologisch gerechtfertigt. Die Gebote mit den Strafen bei Übertretung werden durch die Führungsgruppen einer Gesellschaft bestimmt. Ihre Übertretung, also die Kriminalität, hat auch eine Bedeutung insofern, als damit ein Übergang zu einer neuen, vielleicht besseren Ordnung und ein Wechsel der Führungsgruppen veranlaßt und damit der Entwicklungsprozeß in Gang gehalten wird. All possible situations in which a person could act against moral obligations are listed together with the incentives for transgression, following punishments and the probabilities to experience this situation. According to the size of the future discount rate the punishments have a deterrent effect or not. These discount rates (or equivalently: the economic horizons) are differently distributed in the society. From this we derive the morality of and the criminal rate in the society. The distribution of the discount rates follows a Markov-process. The moral standards developped this way will be internalized and justified in different ways (ideologically, philosophically, theologically). The moral rules and the punishments in case of violation are determined by the leading groups in the society. The violations are not necessarily detrimental to the society because they possibly lead to a new order and new leading groups which keeps the development process running.

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    Paper provided by University of Bonn, Germany in its series Discussion Paper Serie B with number 428.

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    Length: pages
    Date of creation:
    Date of revision: Mar 1998
    Handle: RePEc:bon:bonsfb:428
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    Bonn Graduate School of Economics, University of Bonn, Adenauerallee 24 - 26, 53113 Bonn, Germany

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