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Extended Libor Market Models with Affine and Quadratic Volatility

  • Christian Zühlsdorff
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    The market model of interest rates specifies simple forward or Libor rates as lognormally distributed, their stochastic dynamics has a linear volatility function. In this paper, the model is extended to quadratic volatility functions which are the product of a quadratic polynomial and a level-independent covariance matrix. The extended Libor market models allow for closed form cap pricing formulae, the implied volatilities of the new formulae are smiles and frowns. We give examples for the possible shapes of implied volatilities. Furthermore, we derive a new approximative swaption pricing formula and discuss its properties. The model is calibrated to market prices, it turns out that no extended model specification outperforms the others. The criteria for model choice should thus be theoretical properties and computational efficiency.

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    Paper provided by University of Bonn, Germany in its series Bonn Econ Discussion Papers with number bgse6_2002.

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    Length: 28
    Date of creation: Jan 2002
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:bon:bonedp:bgse6_2002
    Contact details of provider: Postal: Bonn Graduate School of Economics, University of Bonn, Adenauerallee 24 - 26, 53113 Bonn, Germany
    Fax: +49 228 73 6884
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    1. Farshid Jamshidian, 1997. "LIBOR and swap market models and measures (*)," Finance and Stochastics, Springer, vol. 1(4), pages 293-330.
    2. Cox, John C. & Ross, Stephen A., 1976. "The valuation of options for alternative stochastic processes," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 3(1-2), pages 145-166.
    3. Amin, Kaushik I. & Morton, Andrew J., 1994. "Implied volatility functions in arbitrage-free term structure models," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 35(2), pages 141-180, April.
    4. Heath, David & Jarrow, Robert & Morton, Andrew, 1992. "Bond Pricing and the Term Structure of Interest Rates: A New Methodology for Contingent Claims Valuation," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 60(1), pages 77-105, January.
    5. Christiansen, Charlotte & Strunk Hansen, Charlotte, 2000. "Implied Volatility of Interest Rate Options: An Empirical Investigation of the Market Model," Finance Working Papers 00-1, University of Aarhus, Aarhus School of Business, Department of Business Studies.
    6. Black, Fischer, 1976. "The pricing of commodity contracts," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 3(1-2), pages 167-179.
    7. Miltersen, K. & K. Sandmann & D. Sondermann, 1994. "Closed Form Solutions for Term Structure Derivatives with Log-Normal Interest Rates," Discussion Paper Serie B 308, University of Bonn, Germany.
    8. Marek Rutkowski & Marek Musiela, 1997. "Continuous-time term structure models: Forward measure approach (*)," Finance and Stochastics, Springer, vol. 1(4), pages 261-291.
    9. Xiaoliang Zhao & Paul Glasserman, 2000. "Arbitrage-free discretization of lognormal forward Libor and swap rate models," Finance and Stochastics, Springer, vol. 4(1), pages 35-68.
    10. de Jong, F.C.J.M. & Driessen, J.J.A.G. & Pelsser, A., 2000. "Libor and Swap Market Models for the Pricing of Interest Rate Derivatives : An Empirical Analysis," Discussion Paper 2000-35, Tilburg University, Center for Economic Research.
    11. Leif Andersen & Jesper Andreasen, 2000. "Volatility skews and extensions of the Libor market model," Applied Mathematical Finance, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 7(1), pages 1-32.
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