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Does anticipation of government spending matter? The role of (non-)defense spending

  • Jörn Tenhofen

    ()

  • Guntram B. Wolff

We investigate the effects of government expenditure on private consumption when the private sector anticipates the fiscal shocks. In order to capture anticipation of fiscal policy, we develop a new method based on a structural vector autoregression (SVAR). By simulating data from a theoretical model featuring (imperfect) fiscal foresight, we demonstrate the ability of our new approach to correctly capture macroeconomic dynamics. We take advantage of the flexibility of our econometric approach and study those subcomponents of total government spending, which have different macroeconomic effects according to economic theory. Using post-WWII US data, we find that when taking into account anticipation, private consumption significantly decreases in response to a defense expenditure shock, whereas when considering shocks to non-defense spending, consumption increases significantly. A standard SVAR does not produce clear consumption responses, highlighting the importance of anticipation. Our results thus reconcile the different findings of the narrative and SVAR approaches to the study of fiscal policy effects.

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Paper provided by University of Bonn, Germany in its series Bonn Econ Discussion Papers with number bgse12_2010.

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Length: 49
Date of creation: May 2010
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:bon:bonedp:bgse12_2010
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Bonn Graduate School of Economics, University of Bonn, Adenauerallee 24 - 26, 53113 Bonn, Germany

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Web page: http://www.bgse.uni-bonn.de

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