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Are bank capital requirements optimally set? Evidence from researchers’ views

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  • Ambrocio, Gene
  • Hasan, Iftekhar
  • Jokivuolle, Esa
  • Ristolainen, Kim

Abstract

We survey 149 leading academic researchers on bank capital regulation. The median (average) respondent prefers a 10% (15%) minimum non-risk-weighted equity-to-assets ratio, which is considerably higher than the current requirement. North Americans prefer a significantly higher equity-to-assets ratio than Europeans. We find substantial support for the new forms of regulation introduced in Basel III, such as liquidity requirements. Views are most dispersed regarding the use of hybrid assets and bail-inable debt in capital regulation. 70% of experts would support an additional market-based capital requirement. When investigating factors driving capital requirement preferences, we find that the typical expert believes a five percentage points increase in capital requirements would “probably decrease” both the likelihood and social cost of a crisis with “minimal to no change” to loan volumes and economic activity. The best predictor of capital requirement preference is how strongly an expert believes that higher capital requirements would increase the cost of bank lending.

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  • Ambrocio, Gene & Hasan, Iftekhar & Jokivuolle, Esa & Ristolainen, Kim, 2020. "Are bank capital requirements optimally set? Evidence from researchers’ views," Research Discussion Papers 10/2020, Bank of Finland.
  • Handle: RePEc:bof:bofrdp:2020_010
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    2. Arismendi-Zambrano, Juan & Belitsky, Vladimir & Sobreiro, Vinicius Amorim & Kimura, Herbert, 2022. "The implications of dependence, tail dependence, and bounds’ measures for counterparty credit risk pricing," Journal of Financial Stability, Elsevier, vol. 58(C).
    3. Hodula, Martin & Pfeifer, Lukáš & Janků, Jan, 2022. "The effect of structural risks on financial downturns," ESRB Working Paper Series 138, European Systemic Risk Board.
    4. Simona Malovana & Martin Hodula & Zuzana Gric & Josef Bajzik, 2021. "Macroprudential Policy in Central Banks: Integrated or Separate? Survey Among Academics and Central Bankers," Research and Policy Notes 2021/04, Czech National Bank.
    5. Dominika Ehrenbergerová & Martin Hodula & Zuzana Gric, 2022. "Does capital-based regulation affect bank pricing policy?," Journal of Regulatory Economics, Springer, vol. 61(2), pages 135-167, April.

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    • G01 - Financial Economics - - General - - - Financial Crises
    • G28 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Government Policy and Regulation

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