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Bank ownership structure, SME lending and local credit markets

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  • Hasan, Iftekhar
  • Jackowicz, Krzysztof
  • Kowalewski, Oskar
  • Kozłowski, Łukasz

Abstract

In this paper, by employing a novel approach, we study the relationship between bank type and small-business lending in a post-transition country. Using a unique dataset on bank branches and firm-level data, we find that local cooperative banks lend more to small businesses than do large domestic banks and foreign-owned banks, even when controlling for the financial situation of the cooperative banks. Additionally, our results suggest that cooperative banks provide loans to small businesses at lower costs than foreign-owned banks or large domestic banks. Finally, we show that small and medium-sized firms perform better in counties with a large number of cooperative banks than in counties dominated by foreign-owned banks or large domestic banks. Our results are important from a policy perspective, as they show that foreign bank entry and industry consolidation may raise valid concerns for small firms in developing countries. Keywords: small-business lending, cooperative banks, foreign banks, post-transition countries

Suggested Citation

  • Hasan, Iftekhar & Jackowicz, Krzysztof & Kowalewski, Oskar & Kozłowski, Łukasz, 2014. "Bank ownership structure, SME lending and local credit markets," Research Discussion Papers 22/2014, Bank of Finland.
  • Handle: RePEc:bof:bofrdp:2014_022
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    Cited by:

    1. Iftekhar Hasan & Krzysztof Jackowicz & Oskar Kowalewski & Łukasz Kozłowski, 2019. "The economic impact of changes in local bank presence," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 53(5), pages 644-656, May.
    2. Raffaella Barone, 2018. "The Italian CCB Reform and Usury Credit Risk: A Quantitative Analysis," Italian Economic Journal: A Continuation of Rivista Italiana degli Economisti and Giornale degli Economisti, Springer;Società Italiana degli Economisti (Italian Economic Association), vol. 4(3), pages 463-496, November.
    3. Bruno de Menna, 2021. "Monetary Policy, Credit Risk, and Profitability: The Influence of Relationship Lending on Cooperative Banks' Performance," Working Papers hal-03138738, HAL.
    4. McKillop, Donal & French, Declan & Quinn, Barry & Sobiech, Anna L. & Wilson, John O.S., 2020. "Cooperative financial institutions: A review of the literature," International Review of Financial Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 71(C).
    5. Crowley, Patrick & Hughes Hallett, Andrew, 2014. "Volatility transfers between cycles: A theory of why the "great moderation" was more mirage than moderation," Research Discussion Papers 23/2014, Bank of Finland.
    6. Amr Khafagy, 2018. "Regulation, supervision and deposit insurance for financial cooperatives: an empirical investigation," Annals of Finance, Springer, vol. 14(2), pages 143-193, May.
    7. Jaakko Sääskilahti, 2018. "Retail Bank Interest Margins in Low Interest Rate Environments," Journal of Financial Services Research, Springer;Western Finance Association, vol. 53(1), pages 37-68, February.

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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • G28 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Government Policy and Regulation

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