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Variable rate liquidity tenders

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  • Välimäki, Tuomas

Abstract

This paper constructs an equilibrium model for the short-term money market, when the central bank provides liquidity via variable rate tenders.The relation between market rate of interest and liquidity is derived from a single bank's profit maximisation problem in the interbank market, and the CB determines its liquidity provision by minimising a quadratic loss function that contains both deviations of expected market rate from CB target rate and differences between liquidity supply and target liquidity.We model equilibrium bid behaviour in the tenders and explain the underbidding phenomenon resulting from the minimum bid rate.We also show that, when maturities of consecutive operations overlap, the expected market interest rate will rise above the CB's target whenever a target rate change (hike or cut) is expected to occur in the same reserve maintenance period.Finally, we review the data from the ECB variable rate tenders and find that the ECB has been fairly liquidity oriented in its allotment decisions. Key words: money market tenders, liquidity policy, bidding, central bank operational framework

Suggested Citation

  • Välimäki, Tuomas, 2002. "Variable rate liquidity tenders," Research Discussion Papers 24/2002, Bank of Finland.
  • Handle: RePEc:bof:bofrdp:2002_024
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    Cited by:

    1. Nuno Cassola & Claudio Morana, 2006. "Volatility of interest rates in the euro area: Evidence from high frequency data," The European Journal of Finance, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 12(6-7), pages 513-528.
    2. Gianfranco A. Vento, 2004. "The Eurosystem operational framework, use of colleteral and liquidity distribution in the euro area: towards a single interbank market?," Banca Nazionale del Lavoro Quarterly Review, Banca Nazionale del Lavoro, vol. 57(228), pages 71-100.
    3. Gianfranco A. Vento, 2004. "The Eurosystem operational framework, use of colleteral and liquidity distribution in the euro area: towards a single interbank market?," BNL Quarterly Review, Banca Nazionale del Lavoro, vol. 57(228), pages 71-100.

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