IDEAS home Printed from
MyIDEAS: Log in (now much improved!) to save this paper

Sustainability of public finances in Finland and the four largest Euro-area Economies

Listed author(s):
  • Kinnunen, Helvi
  • Kuoppamäki, Pasi
Registered author(s):

    The paper analyses the sustainability of fiscal policy in the four largest countries of the EMU area and Finland with the aim of assessing whether current fiscal policies are compatible with the Stability and Growth Pact in the medium term.The sensitivity of the deficit and debt ratios to changes in the real interest rate and economic growth is also assessed.Moreover, since population ageing will cause an extra burden on public finances, the fiscal pressure of rising pension costs in the longer term is also investigated. The baseline calculations for the medium term suggest that fiscal policy is sustainable in all countries except perhaps France. However, highly indebted countries such as Italy are clearly more sensitive to changes in interest rates.The results indicate that there is little or no room for active fiscal policy.The room for manoeuvre is even more limited if one takes into account that tax rates most likely need to be lowered in many countries, especially in Finland and Italy, due to tax harmonization and tax competition. Moreover, population ageing will impose pressures on public finances in the long run.Only Finland and Italy seem to be in a position to cope with increasing pension expenditures over the long run.

    If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no

    Paper provided by Bank of Finland in its series Research Discussion Papers with number 25/1998.

    in new window

    Date of creation: 1998
    Handle: RePEc:bof:bofrdp:1998_025
    Contact details of provider: Postal:
    Bank of Finland, P.O. Box 160, FI-00101 Helsinki, Finland

    Web page:

    More information through EDIRC

    References listed on IDEAS
    Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:

    in new window

    1. Kinnunen, Helvi & Tujula, Mika, 1997. "Finanssipolitiikan liikkumavara, eläkkeiden rahoitus ja EMU," Research Discussion Papers 9/1997, Bank of Finland.
    2. Peter Brandner & Leopold Diebalek & Helene Schuberth, 1998. "Structural Budget Deficits and Sustainability of Fiscal Positions in the European Union," Working Papers 26, Oesterreichische Nationalbank (Austrian Central Bank).
    3. Michael Artis & Massimiliano Marcellino, "undated". "Fiscal Solvency and Fiscal Forecasting in Europe," Working Papers 142, IGIER (Innocenzo Gasparini Institute for Economic Research), Bocconi University.
    4. Michael Artis & Bernhard Winkler, 1998. "The Stability Pact: Safeguarding the Credibility of the European Central Bank," National Institute Economic Review, National Institute of Economic and Social Research, vol. 163(1), pages 87-98, January.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

    When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:bof:bofrdp:1998_025. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Minna Nyman)

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

    If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    This information is provided to you by IDEAS at the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis using RePEc data.